《许渊冲译长生殿》第三本第四出 偷曲 -《长生殿》英译-《长生殿》中英双语赏析

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第四出 偷曲[1]

【仙吕过曲】【八声甘州】(老旦、贴携谱上)

(老旦)霓裳谱定,

(贴合)向绮窗深处秘本翻誊。

香喉玉口,

亲将绝调教成。

(老旦)奴家永新,

(贴)奴家念奴。

(老旦)自从娘娘制就《霓裳》新谱,我二人亲蒙教授。今驾幸华清宫,即日要奏此曲。命我二人,在朝元阁上,传谱与李龟年,连夜教演梨园子弟。

(贴)散序[2]俱已传习,今日该传拍序[3]了。

(老旦)你看月明如水,正好演奏。我和你携了曲谱,先到阁中便了。

(行介)

(合)凉蟾正当高阁升,

帘卷薰风[4]映水晶。

高清,

恰称广寒宫仙乐声声。

(下)

【道宫近词】【鱼儿赚】(末苍髯,扮李龟年上)

乐部旧闻名,

班首新推独老成。

早暮趋承,

上直更番[5]入内廷。

自家李龟年是也。向作伶官,蒙万岁爷点为梨园班首。今有贵妃娘娘《霓裳》新曲,奉旨令永新、念奴传谱出来,在朝元阁上教演,立等供奉。只得连夜趱习,不免唤齐众兄弟每同去。兄弟每那里?

(副净扮马仙期上)

仙期方响[6]鬼神惊,

(外扮雷海青上)

铁拨[7]争推雷海青。

(净白须扮贺怀智上)

贺老琵琶擅场屋[8],

(丑扮黄幡绰上)

黄家幡绰板[9]尤精。

(同见末介)李师父拜揖。

(末)请了。列位呵,

君王命,《霓裳》催演不教停。

那永新、念奴呵,

两娉婷,

把红牙小谱携端正,

早向朝元待月明。

(众)如此,我每就去便了。

(末)请同行。

(同行介)趁迟迟宫漏夜凉生,

把新腔敲订,新腔敲订。

(同下)

【仙吕过曲】【解三酲犯】(小生巾服扮李謩[10]上)

【解三酲】

逞风魔少年逸兴,

借曲中妙理陶情。

传闻今夜蓬莱境,

翻妙谱奏新声。

小生李謩是也,本贯江南,遨游京国。自小谙通音律,久以铁笛擅名。近闻宫中新制一曲,名曰《霓裳羽衣》。乐工李龟年等,每夜在朝元阁中演习。小生慕此新声,无从得其秘谱。打听的那阁子,恰好临着宫墙,声闻于外。不免袖了铁笛,来到骊山,趁此月明如昼,窃听一回。

一路行来,果然好景致也。

(行介)林收暮霭天气清,

山入寒空月彩横。

真佳景,

【八声甘州】

宛身从画里游行。

(场上设红帷作墙,墙内搭一阁介)

(小生)说话之间,早来到宫墙下了。

【道宫调近词】【应时明近】

只见五云中,

宫阙影,

窈窕玲珑映月明。

光辉看不定,

光辉看不定。

想潜通御气,

处处仙楼,

阑干畔有玉人闲凭。

闻那朝元阁,在禁苑西首,我且绕着红墙,迤逦行去。

(行介)

【前腔】

花阴下,

御路平,

紧傍红墙款款行。

(望介)只这垂杨影里,

一座高楼露出墙头,

想就是了。

凝眸重细省,

凝眸重细省,

只见画帘缥缈,

文窗掩映。

(指介)兀的[11]不是上有红灯!

(老旦、贴在墙内上阁介)

(末众在内云)今日该演拍序,大家先将散序,从头演习一番。

(小生)你看上面灯光隐隐,似有人声。一定是这里了。

我且潜听一回。

(作潜立听介)

【双赤子】

悄悄冥冥[12],

墙阴窃听。

(内作乐介)

(小生作袖出笛介)不免取出笛来,倚声和之[13]。

就将音节,细细记明便了。

听到月高初更后,

果然弦索齐鸣。

恰喜禁垣夜深人静,

璁[14]齐应。

这数声恍然心领,

那数声恍然心领。

(内细十番[15],小生吹笛和介)

(乐止,老旦、贴在内阁上唱后曲,小生吹笛合介)

(老旦、贴)

【画眉儿】

骊珠散迸[16],

入拍初惊。

云翻袂影,

飘然回雪舞风轻。

飘然回雪舞风轻,

约略烟蛾[17]态不胜。

(小生接唱)这数声恍然心领,

那数声恍然心领。

(内细十番如前,老旦、贴内唱,小生笛合介)

(老旦、贴)

【前腔】

珠辉翠映,

凤翥鸾停。

玉山蓬顶,

上元挥袂引双成。

上元挥袂引双成,

萼绿回肩招许琼。

(小生接唱)这数声恍然心领,

那数声恍然心领。

(内又如前十番,老旦、贴内唱,小生笛合介)

(老旦、贴)

【前腔】音繁调骋,

丝竹纵横。

翔云忽定,

慢收舞袖弄轻盈。

慢收舞袖弄轻盈,

飞上瑶天歌一声。

(小生接唱)这数声恍然心领,

那数声恍然心领。

(内又十番一通,老旦、贴暗下)

(小生)妙哉曲也。真个如敲秋竹,似戛[18]春冰,分明一派

仙音,信非人世所有。被我都从笛中偷得,好侥幸也!

【鹅鸭满渡船】

霓裳天上声,

墙外行人听。

音节明,宫商正,

风内高低应。

偷从笛里写出无余剩。

呀,阁上寂然无声,

想是不奏了。

人散曲终红楼静,

半墙残月摇花影。

你看河斜月落,斗转参横[19],不免回去罢。

(袖笛转行介)

【尾声】

却回身,

寻归径。

只听得玉河流水韵幽清,

犹似《霓裳》袅袅声。

倚天楼殿月分明,杜牧

歌转高云夜更清。赵嘏

偷得新翻数般曲,元稹

酒楼吹笛有新声。张祜

注释:

[1] 本出李謩傍宫墙偷谱法曲事,本《全唐诗》元稹《连昌宫词》注,唯未注明为《霓裳曲》。

[2] 散序:《霓裳羽衣》舞的序曲。

[3] 拍序:《霓裳羽衣》舞的另一个组成部分。

[4] 薰风:南风,和风。

[5] 上直更番:上直,值班;更番,轮流。

[6] 方响:古代打击乐器,主要由十六块铁片组成。

[7] 铁拨:雷海青弹的是一种特制的琵琶,以铁拨代替指甲。

[8] 擅场屋:压倒全场。场屋,奏乐的地方。

[9] 板:拍板。

[10] 李謩(mò):唐代著名的笛师。

[11] 兀的:那边,含有表示惊异的语气。

[12] 悄悄冥冥:暗地里。

[13] 倚声和之:照听到的乐调那样吹起来。

[14] 琤璁:乐器声。

[15] 细十番:即十番鼓,由笛、管、箫、弦、提琴、云锣、汤锣、木鱼、檀板、大鼓十种乐器组成,可奏多种乐曲。

[16] 骊珠散迸:骊珠,传说骊龙(黑色的龙)颌下有宝珠,叫骊珠。骊珠散进,形容入拍以后的《霓裳羽衣》曲的音乐。

[17] 约略烟蛾:画得淡淡的黑色的眉毛。

[18] 戛(jiá):敲。

[19] 斗转参横:形容夜深。斗,北斗星;参,参宿。从北斗、参宿的转动,可以看出时间的迟早。

Scene4 Stealing the Music

(Enter Ever Fresh and Mindful Maid carrying the musical score.)

(They sing to the tune of “Eight Beats of Ganzhou”.)

Ever Fresh: The score of “Dance in Rainbow Dress” is made.

Mindful Maid: It is copied at the window with gauge screen.Our lady with her voice like ringing jade

Has taught us to sing in dress green.

Ever Fresh: I am the old maid Ever Fresh.

Mindful Maid: I am the young Mindful Maid.

Ever Fresh: Since her Ladyship composed the musical score, she has taught us to sing. Today the Emperor is coming to Huaqing Palace to hear the music. We two are ordered to instruct Li Guinian so that he may train his orchestra in Chaoyuan Pavilion.

Mindful Maid: They have learned the overture. Today we may teach them the rhythmic prelude.

Ever Fresh: Look, the moonlight is water-clear. It is the best time for music. Let us take the score to the pavilion. (They walk forward.)

Together: The cool moon rises over the high roof here,

The warm breeze blows through curtain and screen.

The moonlight is crystal clear,

Just time to play the music taught by Fairy Queen. (Exit.)

(Enter Li Guinian the grey-bearded orchestra leader, singing to the tune of the Bait to “Attract Fish”):

Well-known to musicians old,

I am the leader of orchestra you behold.

I serve the emperor early and late,

Often summoned to cross the royal gate.

Li Guinian: I am Li Guinian, formerly a court musician, now made chief of the orchestra by the Emperor. Since Ever Fresh and Mindful Maid are ordered to teach us the music score of“Rainbow Dress” newly composed by her Ladyship, so that we may perform it in the Sunny Palace, we must rehearse it even if it is deep in the night. I have to call my musicians to the performance now. Hallo! Where are my fellow musicians?(Enter Ma Xianqi, stone-chime player.)

Ma: My music will delight fairies on high.

(Enter Lei Haiqing the lutist.)

Lei: No lutist on earth with me could vie.

(Enter He Huaizhi the white-bearded pipa player.)

He: My fame’s widespread, my pipa heard far and wide.

(Enter Huang Fanchuo the clapper-player.)

Huang: My clappers will resound from earth to sky.

All (Greeting Li): Good evening, sir.

Li: Good evening, my fellow musicians.

The royal order’s to rehearse

At once the Rainbow Dress’s verse.

Ever Fresh and Mindful Maid

Are waiting for the music to be played

With the well-written music score

They’re waiting for us at the moonlit palace door.

All: Then let us go.

Li: Please go with me. (They walk together.)

All: As the water clock slowly drips in the cool night,

Let’s learn to play the new melody bright. (Exeunt.)

(Enter Li Mo the flutist.)

Li Mo (Singing to the tune of “Sober Thrice from Wine”):

Young as I am in spirits high,

I’m deeply drowned in music sweet.

Tonight in fairy land near-by

New melodies attract my feet.

I’m Li Mo born on the Southern Rivershore and now I’m visiting the capital. Having learned music while young, I am known for my skill in playing the iron flute. It is said that a melody of “Rainbow Dress” is newly composed in the palace and the chief of orchestra is performing it in the Sunny Palace from night to night. How can I get the music score I like so much? It is said the hall where the rehearsal takes place stands by the palace wall, and the music can be heard from without.

Why don’t I take my iron flute and go to the summer palace so as to listen to the music under the moon? While walking along the way, I wish the music would be as beautiful as moonlight.

(Walking on)

The evening mist clears over the woods far and nigh;

The hall stands out against the moonlight-spangled sky.

What a sublime scene!

(Singing to the tune of “Eight Beats of Ganzhou”):

I seem to walk from screen to screen.

(A red curtain hangs in the background in lieu of the palace wall with a tower behind.)

I seem to have come near the palace wall without my knowledge.

(Singing to the tune of “Approaching Time”)

I see against the cloud

The palace proud

Maginificent and bright

In the moonlight.

Magnificent and bright

In the moonlight.

Majestic bowers rise

As earthly paradise.

The maids of honor fair as jade

Are leaning on the balustrade.

It is said that the music bower lies at the west end of the royal garden. I will wind my way along the red wall to go there.

(Walking on)

In the shade of flowering trees

I go on the royal path with ease.

(He looks round.)

I see a building tall

Outside the crimson wall.

It must be the place.

I stretch my eyes and gaze,

I stretch my eyes and gaze.

What have I seen

But painted curtain and window screen?

Which seem hazy like dream.

Just look ahead

Is it not a lantern red?

(The maids enter the tower on the other side of the wall.)

Li (From the other side oft he wall): Let us rehearse the first movement today. But we should first rehearse the overture once more.

Li Mo: See lanterns are lit and voices can be dimly heard. It must be here that they rehearse the music. Let me listen without their

knowledge. (Listening)

(Singing to the tune of “Double Crimson Song”)

I’ll listen to the music from the hall

Secretly in the shade of palace wall.

(Music is played inside and Li Mo takes out his flute.)

I’ll play my flute to accompany the music so that I may keep the notes in memory.

After the first watch the moon rises high;

The stringed instruments begin to vie

To give to the forbidden garden delight

In the deep of still night.

How much I like the vibrating string

And the instruments sing!

I’ll learn this part of melody by heart.

I’ll learn this part of melody by heart.

(Ten instruments play music inside and Li Mo blows his flute to accompany it. When it stops, the maids sing a chorus and Li Mo plays the flute again.)

Maids (Singing to the tune of “Eyebrows Pencilled”):

Like scattered pearls we strike clear notes,

Which waft like cloud on cloud that floats.

We dance like snow in flight,

Whirling in the soft breeze.

We dance like snow in flight,

Whirling in the soft breeze.

With eyebrows painted light

We dance with ease.

Li Mo: I’ve marked this part of music score,

And that part as before.

(Ten instruments play music inside, and the maids sing the chorus and Li Mo plays on his flute to accompany it.)

Maids (Singing to the tune of “Eyebrows Pencilled”):

Splendid with emeralds and pearls bright

As phoenixes soar and then alight

Atop the enchanted mountain of jade,

A fairy waves her sleeves to call her maid,

A fairy waves her sleeves to call her maid,

Green Flower turns her head

To beacon Jasper Red.

Li Mo: I’ve marked this part of music score

And that part as before.

(The ten instruments play music inside, while the maids sing the chorus. Li Mo plays on his flute to accompany it.)

Maids (Singing to the tune of “Eyebrows Pencilled”):

All strings and pipes participate

In melodies swirling and intricate.

As floating clouds alight,

We cease our dance and drop our sleeves light.

As floating clouds alight,

We cease our dance and drop our sleeves light.

Our echoed songs soar high

Into the azure sky.

Li Mo: I’v marked this part of music score

And that part as before.

(The ten instruments play music inside, and the maids go out.) Li Mo: How wonderful is the music! It is like the breeze whispering in autumn bamboos or snow swirling over vernal ice. Obviously it is music divine and not human. Fortunately I have caught it with my flute. How lucky I am!

(Singing to the tune of “Geese and Duck on Ferry Boat”):

The song of Rainbow Dress coming from the sky

Is heard behind the wall by passers-by.

Its cadance clear and melody please,

Rise and fall with the breeze.

I’ve captured them all in my flute.

Now why is the palace mute?

Perhaps the musicians will play no more.

They are leaving the palace door.

In the waning moonlight over the wall of the bowers

Are shivering the shadows of the flowers.

You see the moon is sinking and the Dipper seems to bar the Silver River in the sky. It is time for me to go back now.

(Singing to the tune of “Epilogue”):

Turning away

Towards my homeward way,

I hear the rippling river clear

Sing the “Rainbow Dress” to my ear. (Exit.)

Epilogue of the Scene

Over sky-scraping palace shines the moon bright;

Songs fly as high as the cloud in the tranquil night.

Having stolen newly-composed music fine,

I’ll play it on my flute in the shop of wine.

未经允许不得转载:帕布莉卡 » 《许渊冲译长生殿》第三本第四出 偷曲 -《长生殿》英译-《长生殿》中英双语赏析

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