《Hobbies 业余爱好》 -英语翻译教程-中英双语赏析

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Hobbies

业余爱好

🎈Winston Churchill温斯顿·丘吉尔(1874~1965):British politician and Prime Minister, widely regarded as the greatest British leader of the 20th century. His courage, decisiveness, political experience and enormous vitality enabled him to lead the country through the Second World War. Churchill was also known for the many books on British history and politics he wrote throughout his life. His command of the English language not only made him a great orator but earned him the Nobel Prize for literature(诺贝尔文学奖) in 1953.
 
A gifted American psychologist has said, ‘Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.’ 
一位天才的美国心理学家曾经说过:“烦恼是感情的发作,此时脑子纠缠住了某种东西又不肯松手。”
🎈紧握住… catch hold of …或grip / seize / clutch / clasp
找到某人/得到某物get hold of
例句
Where can I get hold of some stamps? 
我去哪可以弄一些邮票?
Could you tell me how I can get hold of a doctor? 
你可以告诉我如何找医生吗?
🎈松开…,放开… let … go = release

 
It is useless to argue with the mind in this condition.
在这种情况下,你又和头脑争吵让它松手是无济于事的。
🎈…是徒劳/无意义/没用的it is useless / futile / pointless to do / doing …
there is no point (in) doing …
there is no use (in) doing …
it’s no use doing …
…就是浪费时间it’s a waste of time doing …
…是没好处的it’s no good doing …/there is no good doing …

 
The stronger the will, the more futile the task.
这种意志越是强烈,这种尝试越是徒劳。
🎈越…,越… the+比较级,the+比较级:前半句看作从句,表示条件,后半句看作主句。翻译时顺序要搞清楚,不能译错。这个结构遵循两条规律:1、若句子中含be,可以省略 
2、如果主句主语太长,可以选择倒装[省略和倒装都不是必需的] 
3、主句也可以用陈述句
例句
1、The younger the child, the more the child’s need of sleep. 
2、The younger the child is, the more is the child’s need of sleep. 3、I play (the) better, the more I practice.= The more I practice, the better I play.

 
One can only gently insinuate something else into its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it is really attended by the illumination of another field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins. 
你只能缓和而巧妙地让另一种东西进入痉挛僵持的头脑中。如果选得合适,而且的确受到别的领域的情趣的启迪,那么渐渐地,往往也是很顺利地,原先不适当的紧张就会松弛下来,恢复和修整的过程就会开始。
🎈attend的几种含义:
①出席会议attend the meeting
上大学 attend college
②照顾,照料
例句
She is attended by a 24-hour nursing staff.
③应付,处理,解决… attend to sth. = deal with sth.
④伴随,陪伴
例句
The occasion was attended by an air of sadness. 
这种场合伴随着悲伤的气氛。
 

 
The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man.
因此,对一个从事社会活动的人来说,培养一种业余爱好和各种新的兴趣是关等重要的作法。
🎈cultivate v.→ cultivation n.
①耕,耕作,种植
种蔬菜/种牡丹花cultivate vegetables / peonies
例句
Most of the world’s fertile land is already cultivated. 
世界上大部分的土地都已经被耕种了。
②培养,培育=develop/build up
培养兴趣cultivate hobbies
培养对艺术的热爱cultivate a love of art
培养好的学习习惯cultivate good study habits
🎈重要的…of importance
头等/最重要的…of the first /leading / primary / paramount importance
至关重要的of vital / crucial importance
第二重要/次重要的…of secondary importance
同等重要的…of equal importance

 
But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. 
但这并非一日之功,也不是单凭意志一蹴而就的事。精神上多种情趣的培养是一个长期的过程。
🎈alternative adj. 其他的,另外的different from the one you have and can be used instead 
例句
Have you any alternative suggestions?
你还有其他的建议吗?
除了…之外另外/别的选择 alternative to sth.
例句
Is there a viable alternative to surgery? 
除了动手术外,还有别的办法吗?
别无选择只能… have no alternative but to do…
例句
I have no alternative but to report him to the police. 
我别无选择只能报警。
alternate adj. 轮流的,交替的
例句
I visit him on alternate Sundays.
我每隔一个星期天就拜访他一次。

 
The seeds must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be at hand when needed.
要想在需要的时候可随手摘取充满生机的果实,那就必然从精选良种做起,然后将其植入肥沃的土地,还需要勤勉地护理。
🎈hand的几组表达:
例句
I always keep a dictionary close at hand(在手头).
The signature must be given by hand(亲手).
The work is in hand(正在进行中), and will soon be completed.
They are always on hand(有空,有时间) whenever you need them.
I can’t remember his phone number off hand(立即,马上).
 

To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is no use starting late in life to say: T will take an interest in this or that. Such an attempt only aggravates the strain of mental effort. 
一个人要想真正感到幸福和平安,至少应有两三种爱好,而且都比较实际。到了晚年才开始说:“我会对这些人或那个人发生兴趣”,已没有用了。这种愿望只能加剧精神紧张。
🎈…没用 it is no use doing
例句
It’s no use crying over spilt milk.
覆水难收。
🎈对…感兴趣 take an interest in …= be interested in …
🎈压力strain/ stress / tension / pressure

 
A man may acquire great knowledge of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly any benefit or relief.
一个人可能会获得与其日常工作无关的某些课题的渊博知识,而没有从中得到什么实益或宽慰。
🎈找到暂时的解脱 find a temporary relief
永久的解脱 permanent relief
使我大为宽慰的是 to my great relief
立刻缓解我的疼痛 give immediate relief from pain

 
It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. 
干你所喜欢的事是没有用的,你喜欢你所干的事。
🎈这句话运用了Antimetabole (回环 / 倒复)的修辞。
例句
Eat to live, not live to eat.

 
Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to death.
泛泛地说,人可以分为3类:劳累至死的人、忧虑至死的人、无聊至死的人。
🎈三个those who…结构是three classes的同位语。
🎈broadly adv. 总体上,大体上generally
泛泛地说broadly/generally speaking
如果是固定习语,不用在意句子的逻辑主语:↓
例句
Strictly speaking(严格来说), the whale isn’t a fish.
Judging from his face(从他的脸色看), he must be ill.
To make a long story short(长话短说), he wanted money, and tried to get it without working.
🎈上述句子中很明显不是the whale说、不是he从自己的脸色判断、不是he想长话短说
🎈toil v. 长期辛苦工作,苦干
to work very hard for a long period of time 
例句
Farm laborers have to toil in the fields all day(成天).
He was toiled to death. 他被累死了。

 
It is no use offering the manual labourer, tired out with a hard week’s sweat and effort the chance of playing a game of football or baseball on Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician or the professional or business man, who has been working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the weekend
对于流汗出力干了一周苦活的体力劳动者来说,让他们在星期六下午再踢足球或打垒球是不合适的;同样,对于为严肃的公务操劳或烦恼了6天的政界人士、专业人员、商人来说,在周末再让他们为琐事而动脑子和忧虑也是无益的。
🎈筋疲力尽be tired out / exhausted
🎈给某人… offer sb. sth. /offer sth. to sb.
使用offer sth. to sb的顺序通常是为了避免头重脚轻。

 
As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands on almost every object of desire- for them a new pleasure a new excitement is only an additional satiation.
至于那些能任意支配一切的“可怜的人”,他们能够恣意妄为,能染指一切追求的目标。对他们来说,多一种新的乐趣、多一种新的刺激只是增加一分厌腻而已。
🎈command v. 掌管,掌握
拥有大量财富command great wealth
掌握大量词汇command a large vocabulary
🎈gratify v.= satisfy
🎈得到某物get / lay one’s hands on sth: obtain sth. 
例句
I would read any book I could get / lay my hands on.
抓住惹你生气的人get / lay one’s hands on sb: to catch sb. you are angry with 
例句
Just wait till I get / lay my hands on you!
(你等着)看我不逮着你!

 
In vain they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful path. 
他们到处奔乱跑,企图以闲聊和乱窜来摆脱无聊对他们的报复,但这是徒劳的。对他们来说,用某种形式的纪律约束他们一下才能有希望使他们走上正道。
🎈trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion是原因状语。
🎈徒劳in vain/to no avail
例句
Obviously all her complaints(抱怨) were in vain.
He rebooted my systems(重启系统) several times, but to no avail.

 
It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful human beings are divided into two classes: first, those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly, those whose work and pleasure are one. Of these the former are the majority. They have their compensations.
也可以这样说,理智的,勤劳的、有用的人可以分为两类:第一类是他分清工作是工作,娱乐是娱乐的人;第二类人的工作和娱乐是一回事。这两类人当中,第一类人是大多数。
🎈绝大多数/压倒性多数 sweeping / overwhelming / absolute / vast majority
勉强算大多数small / narrow majority
处于/占大多数be in the majority
例句
Surveys indicate that supporters of the treaty(条约支持者) are still in the majority.
【近义词】predominate
例句
In older age groups women predominate because men tend to die younger. 
在老年人群体中,女性占大多数,因为男性寿命更短。

 
The long hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward, not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms.
他们能够得到补偿。在办公室或工厂里长时间工作给他们带来了酬劳,这不仅是谋生的手段,而且还带来了寻找乐趣的强烈欲望,那怕是最简单的、最低等的乐趣。
🎈bring with them as their reward…中with them as their reward属于状语前置,本应是bring sth with sb,因为sth部分过长,所以作此处理。
 

 
But Fortune’s favoured children belong to the second class. 
但是,命运之神的宠儿是第二类人。
🎈favour / favor vt. 喜爱,偏爱 = prefer
例句
She favors her youngest child.
她偏爱小儿子。
天之骄子Fortune’s favored children 

 
Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation.
他们的生活是一种自然的和谐。对他们来说,工作时间总不会太长。每天都是假日,而通常的假期来到,他们却惋惜这假期强制打断了他们埋头从事的工作。
🎈被当做……而耿耿于怀,拒绝接受be grudged as sth. 
例句
He is spending his precious vacation in a country retreat(隐居地;静养所)and any visit now will be grudged as disturbance to his privacy.
🎈enforce v. 强迫人们服从,执行
例句
The main role of the police is to uphold and enforce the law.
警察的主要作用是维持和执行法律。
enforced adj. 被迫的,自己无法控制的
被迫缺席enforced absence
被迫隔离enforced isolation
🎈职业 vocation/job/profession/occupation
假期vacation

 
Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere of a diversion of effort, is essential.
然而对这两种人来说,都需要换一换脑子,改变一下气氛,转移一下注意力,这是不可缺少的。
🎈diversion n. 改变(方向或用途)change in the direction or use of sth. 
轮船转向the diversion of a ship
溪流改道the diversion of a stream
例句
This would result in massive diversion of funds
大量资金移作他用.

 
Indeed, it may well be that those whose work is their pleasure are those who most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds. 
说实在的,把工作当作享受的那些人最需要每隔一段时间把工作从头脑中撇开。
🎈很可能… It may well be that …
其实,很可能…那些…的人最需要每隔(多久)…。Indeed, it may well be that those who … are those who most need … at intervals …
例句
Indeed, it may well be that those who hardly see a doctor are those who most need take time off from their work at intervals to have a thorough checkup.
其实,很可能那些平时几乎不看病的人最需要每隔一段时间从工作中抽空做一次全面的体检。
🔥必背词汇
gifted       adj. 有天才的,有天赋的
gift n.天赋,天分
【近义词】talented adj.→ talent n.
natural / born adj.与生俱来的,天生的
例句
He is a natural / born leader. 
他是一个天生的领导者。
(天生)有…才华 have a gift / an aptitude for …
例句
Mozart had a gift for music
 
insinuate     v. 
①暗示
例句
What are you trying to insinuate?
你在暗示些什么?
【近义词】v. insinuate  imply suggest intimate hint
→n. insinuation implication suggestion intimation hint
②使悄悄地潜入
使A进入到B insinuate A into B
例句
Over the years she insinuated herself into the great man’s life. 
这些年来她潜移默化地进入到了那位伟人的生活。
 
grip      n. 紧握,抓牢;理解,掌握
【同义词】grasp
例句
Don’t loosen your grip on the rope or you’ll fall.
不要松开绳子,否则你会掉下去。
I tightened my grip on the handrail. 
我抓紧了扶手。
She has a sound grip / grasp of English. 
她英语掌握的很好。
gripping / absorbing adj.引人入胜的,迷人的
一本引人入胜的侦探小说a gripping / absorbing detective novel
 
aggravate      v. 使恶化
【近义词】vt. compound/ exacerbate
vi. deteriorate degenerate go downhill
例句
The pain will be aggravated by coughing.
Their domestic problems(家庭问题/矛盾) were compounded by stress at work.
Ironically, the government’s reassurances(安抚措施) may have exacerbated fear about the disease.
【反义词】
v.减轻痛苦/缓和矛盾/改善情况relieve/alleviate/ameliorate
v.使变得更好 improve/better/enhance
 
gratify      v. 满足,使满意
gratification n.满足,满意
满意地看到/听到/了解到… be gratified to see / hear / learn …
例句
John was gratified to see the improvement in his mother’s health.
满足某人的怪念头/奇思怪想 gratify one’s whims / caprices
迎合… cater to / for…
满足… satiate…
例句
Nothing seems to satiate people’s need for gossip(流言蜚语).
【近义词】satiate v.满足→satiation n.
satisfaction n. 满足,满意
 
avenge      v. 为……报仇
【同义词】revenge
为某人之死报仇avenge / revenge one’s death
为失败而复仇avenge / revenge a defeat
向某人报仇avenge / revenge oneself on sb.
【几组表达】
①报复 retaliate v.
向…报复 retaliate against …
例句
The British government retaliated by breaking off diplomatic relations.
The army began to retaliate against the civilian population(平民百姓).
②报复get even
向…报复get even with sb.
③报复某人get / pay sb. back (for…)
例句
This time you beat me, and sometimes I’ll get / pay you back (for this). 
这次你打败了我,我终有一天会赢/报复回来的。
 
grudge      v. 怨恨,不愿意
怨恨/不愿意… grudge + n. / doing
例句
He grudges her earning more than he does. 
他怨恨她挣得比他多。
He grudges paying taxes. 
他不愿意纳税。
grudging/reluctant/unwilling a.不情愿的
grudge n. 恶意,怨恨
怀恨在心have / bear / hold a grudge 
 
🔥重点表达
(天生)有…才华 have a gift / an aptitude for …
使A进入到B insinuate A into B
一本引人入胜的侦探小说a gripping / absorbing detective novel
满足某人的怪念头/奇思怪想 gratify one’s whims / caprices
迎合… cater to / for…
满足… satiate…
为某人之死报仇avenge / revenge one’s death
为失败而复仇avenge / revenge a defeat
向某人报仇avenge / revenge oneself on sb.
报复 retaliate v.
向…报复 retaliate against …
报复get even
向…报复get even with sb.
报复某人get / pay sb. back (for…)
怨恨/不愿意… grudge + n. / doing
怀恨在心have / bear / hold a grudge
紧握住… catch hold of …或grip / seize / clutch / clasp
找到某人/得到某物get hold of
松开…,放开… let … go = release
…是徒劳/无意义的it is useless / futile / pointless to do / doing …
…就是浪费时间it’s a waste of time doing …
…是没好处的it’s no good doing …/there is no good doing …
出席会议attend the meeting
上大学 attend college
应付,处理,解决… attend to sth. = deal with sth.
种蔬菜/种牡丹花cultivate vegetables / peonies
培养兴趣cultivate hobbies
培养对艺术的热爱cultivate a love of art
培养好的学习习惯cultivate good study habits
重要的…of importance
头等/最重要的…of the first /leading / primary / paramount importance
至关重要的of vital / crucial importance
第二重要/次重要的…of secondary importance
同等重要的…of equal importance
除了…之外另外/别的选择 alternative to sth.
别无选择只能… have no alternative but to do…
对…感兴趣 take an interest in …= be interested in …
压力strain/ stress / tension / pressure
找到暂时的解脱 find a temporary relief
永久的解脱 permanent relief
使我大为宽慰的是 to my great relief
立刻缓解我的疼痛 give immediate relief from pain
泛泛地说broadly/generally speaking
筋疲力尽be tired out / exhausted
拥有大量财富command great wealth
掌握大量词汇command a large vocabulary
得到某物get / lay one’s hands on sth: obtain sth. 
徒劳in vain/to no avail
绝大多数/压倒性多数 sweeping / overwhelming / absolute / vast majority
勉强算大多数small / narrow majority
处于/占大多数be in the majority
天之骄子Fortune’s favored children 
被当做……而耿耿于怀,拒绝接受be grudged as sth. 
被迫缺席enforced absence
被迫隔离enforced isolation
轮船转向the diversion of a ship
溪流改道the diversion of a stream
很可能… It may well be that …
 
🔥复盘测试
(天生)有…才华
使A进入到B
一本引人入胜的侦探小说
满足某人的怪念头/奇思怪想 
迎合… 
满足… 
为某人之死报仇
为失败而复仇
向某人报仇
报复
向…报复 
报复
向…报复
报复某人
怨恨/不愿意… 
怀恨在心
紧握住…
找到某人/得到某物
松开…,放开… 
…是徒劳/无意义的
…就是浪费时间
…是没好处的
出席会议
上大学
应付,处理,解决… 
种蔬菜/种牡丹花
培养兴趣
培养对艺术的热爱
培养好的学习习惯
重要的…
头等/最重要的…
至关重要的
第二重要/次重要的…
同等重要的…
除了…之外另外/别的选择 
别无选择只能…
对…感兴趣 
压力
找到暂时的解脱 
永久的解脱
使我大为宽慰的是
立刻缓解我的疼痛
泛泛地说
筋疲力尽
拥有大量财富
掌握大量词汇
得到某物
徒劳
绝大多数/压倒性多数
勉强算大多数
处于/占大多数
天之骄子
被当做……而耿耿于怀,拒绝接受 
被迫缺席
被迫隔离
轮船转向
溪流改道
很可能… 

未经允许不得转载:帕布莉卡 » 《Hobbies 业余爱好》 -英语翻译教程-中英双语赏析

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