《The sculptor speaks 雕塑家的语言》 -英语翻译教程-中英双语赏析

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The sculptor speaks

雕塑家的语言

 

Appreciation of sculpture depends upon the ability to respond to form in three dimensions.

对雕塑的鉴赏力取决于对立体的反应能力。

🎈to respond to form in three dimensions是ability的后置定语。

🎈欣赏… appreciation of …

以感谢…in appreciation of …

理解… appreciation of …

例句

欣赏诗歌和文学

appreciation of poetry and literature

I sent him a gift in appreciation of his help.

To get a full appreciation of what this means we must turn first to some recent human inventions.


 

That is perhaps why sculpture has been described as the most difficult of all arts; certainly it is more difficult than the arts which involve appreciation of flat forms, shape in only two dimensions.

雕塑被说成是所有艺术中最难的艺术,可能就是这个道理。欣赏雕塑品当然比欣赏平面的艺术品要难。

🎈句中分号功能可以起句号的作用,或者相当于连词的语法功能,分号后的句子加或不加连词都是可以的。shape in only two dimensions是flat forms的同位语。

🎈 the most difficult of all arts不说the most difficult art of all arts,太啰嗦了,也可以写成the most difficult art of all。多看几个例子:è

1 the greatest of all Western stars

è→ the greatest Western star of all

2 the most difficult of all obstacles

è→ the most difficult obstacle of all

3 the most valuable find of all

è →the most valuable of all finds

4 the most frightening thing of all

è→ the most frightening of all things

5 the deepest holes of all

è→ the deepest of all holes

🎈involve v. 需要……

需要…involve (doing) sth./ entail (doing) sth.

例句

She was on a diet which involved eating nothing but fruit.

她正在节食,只能吃水果。

This job entails a lot of hard work.

这份工作需要刻苦努力。


 

Many more people are ‘form-blind’ than colour-blind.

“形盲”的人数比“色盲”的人数要多得多。

🎈多得多,更多(其中many/far/much修饰more,加强语气)

1 many / far more + 复数名词

2 much / far more + 不可数名词

例句

many / far more people

much / far more money


 

The child learning to see, first distinguishes only two-dimensional shape; it cannot judge distances, depths. Later, for its personal safety and practical needs, it has to develop (partly by means of touch) the ability to judge roughly three-dimensional distances.

正在学看东西的儿童起初只会分辨二维形态,不会判断距离和深度。慢慢地,由于自身安全和实际需要,儿童必须发展(部分通过触觉)粗略判断三维空间距离的能力。

🎈learning to see是the child的后置定语。for its personal safety and practical needs是目的状语。it指代小孩子(此时并不明确性别)


But having satisfied the requirements of practical necessity, most people go no further.

但是,大部分人在满足了实际需要后,就不再继续发展这种能力了。

🎈having satisfied…非谓语动词作状语。having done强调所指动作是主动+先行发生;doing则只强调所指动作的主动性。

🎈更进一步go further

例句

I can offer you 50, but I can’t go any further than that.

我最多出50,(价格)不能再高了。

 


Though they may attain considerable accuracy in the perception of flat form, they do not make the further intellectual and emotional effort needed to comprehend form in its full spatial existence.

虽然他们对平面形的感觉能达到相当准确的程度,但他们没有在智力和感情上进一步努力去理解存在于空间的整个形态。

🎈spatial   adj.空间的

人口的空间分布the spatial distribution of the population

儿童空间意识的发展the development of a child’s spatial awareness

🎈通过造句练习本句的句型。

1:尽管人们可以相当精确地感知金钱的力量,但是他们之中的大多数在智力上和情感上却没有进一步努力去理解人生的意义。

Though people may attain considerable accuracy in the perception of the power of money, most of them do not make the further intellectual and emotional effort needed to comprehend the meaning of life.

2:尽管我们可以相当精确地衡量物质商品的价值,但是我们之中多数人在智力和情感上却没有进一步努力去估算人们为我们做的服务的真正价值。

Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us.

3:尽管我们可以相当精确地衡量物质商品的价值,但是我们之中多数人在智力和情感上却没有进一步努力去估算人们为我们做的服务的真正价值。

Though we may attain considerable accuracy in the measurement of the value of material goods, most of us do not make the further intellectual and emotional effort needed to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us.


 

This is what the sculptor must do. He must strive continually to think of, and use, form in its full spatial completeness.

而雕塑家就必须做到这一点。他必须勤于想象并且利用形体在空间中的完整性。

🎈what the sculptor must do是表语从句。and use是插入语。in its full spatial completeness是form的后置定语。

🎈strive v.(为获得或实现某事物)努力,奋斗

(为…)努力… strive for sth /strive to do sth.

例句

争取更多自由的女性women who were striving for more freedom

🎈想象某事物think of sth. = imagine sth.


 

He gets the solid shape, as it were, inside his head—he thinks of it, whatever its size, as if he were holding it completely enclosed in the hollow of his hand.

可以说,当他想象一个物体时,不管其大小如何,他脑子里得到的是一个立体的概念,就好像完全握在自己手心里一样。

🎈as it were(似乎,好像)是插入语。破折号起解释作用。whatever its size是让步状从。


 

🎈好像as it were / so to speak

例句

They will be able, as it were, to see and hear us in action

亲眼看见/亲耳听到.

🎈whatever引导让步状语从句时,常省略 be 动词。句中的whatever its size相当于whatever its size (is)

🎈as if…引导方式状从,其后即可跟虚拟语气(时态倒退一格,表示并未发生的事),也可接真实语气。

例句

(跟虚拟语气)…, but I do not turn for protection to dreary clichés about respect of elders, as if mere age [were] a reason for respect.

(接真实语气)Gesticulating wildly, the man acted as if he [found] my offer outrageous, but he eventually reduced the price to ₤10.(这句若用虚拟语气,则要用find的过去分词形式)

🎈hollow n. 凹陷处

例句

She held the small bird in the hollow of her hand.

她把小鸟捧在手心里。


 

He mentally visualizes a complex form from all round itself; he knows while he looks at one side what the other side is like; he identifies himself with its centre of gravity, its mass, its weight; he realizes its volume as the space that the shape displaces in the air.

他的大脑能从物体周围的各个角度勾画出其复杂的形象,他看物体的一边时,便知道另一边是个什么样子。他把自身和物体重心、质量、重量融为一体。他能意识到物体的体积,那就是它的形状在空气中所占的空间。

🎈while he looks at one side是时间状从。what the other side is like是宾语从句。

🎈from all round itself——介词短语作介词的宾语:

例句

Towards midday, a girl heard a muffled cry coming [from behind one of the walls].

I took my watch[ from under the pillow].

We didn’t meet [until after the show].

The weather has been fine [except in the north].

🎈把……与……联系起来,把……和……等同起来identify … with …

例句

Never identify opinions with facts.

永远不要把看法和现实等同起来。

He refused to identify himself with the new political party.

他拒绝和这个新政党扯上关系。

🎈displace v.代替,取代

例句

Gradually factory workers have been displaced by machines.

工厂的工人逐渐被机器取代了。


 

And the sensitive observer of sculpture must also learn to feel shape simply as shape, not as description or reminiscence. He must, for example, perceive an egg as a simple single solid shape quite apart from its significance as food, or from the literary idea that it will become a bird.

因此,敏锐的雕塑观赏者也必须学会把形体作为形体来感觉,不要靠描述和印象去想象。以鸟蛋为例,观赏者必须感觉到它是一个单一的实体形态,而完全不靠它的食用意义或它会变成鸟这样的文字概念来感觉。

🎈as food是significance的后置定语。that it will become a bird是idea的同位语从句。

🎈把……当做是……,认为……是……perceive … as …

例句

She did not perceive herself as disabled.

她不认为自己是残疾人。

 


 

And so with solids such as a shell, a nut, a plum, a pear, a tadpole, a mushroom, a mountain peak, a kidney, a carrot, a tree-trunk, a bird, a bud, a lark, a ladybird, a bulrush, a bone.

对于其他实体,如,贝壳、核桃、李子、梨子、蝌蚪、蘑菇、山峰、肾脏、胡萝卜、树干、鸟儿、花蕾、云雀、瓢虫、芦苇以及骨头也应这样来感觉。

🎈此句补充完整为:And he must also feel shape simply as shape, not as description or reminiscence with solids such as….


 

From these he can go on to appreciate more complex forms or combinations of several forms.

从这些形体出发,观赏者可进一步观察更为复杂的形体或若干形体的组合。

🎈继续做下一件事go on to do sth.

继续做同一件事go on with sth.

持续做某事go on doing sth.

🔥必背词汇

perception      n.

1[U](fml.)知觉,感知能力

2[U](fml.)洞察力= insight 洞察力

3[C]看法

视觉visual perception

对现实的感知能力our perception of reality

我对这件事的看法是… My perception of the matter is that …

公众对政府表现的看法the public perception of the government’s performance

perceive v. 觉察到,注意到;理解

perceptible adj. 可觉察的,可感知的

perceptive adj. 敏锐的,有洞察力的

【词根】“ceive” / “cept” / “cip” / “cipate” = to take

1 perceive v.感知

2 accept v.接受

3 deceive v. 欺骗

4 except v.把…除外

5 intercept v.中途拦截

6 receive v.接收

7 anticipate v.预测

8 participate v.参与

9 emancipate v.解救

10 susceptible a.易患(某种)病的

 

comprehend       v. 完全理解

【词根】“prehend” / “prehens” = to seize

1 comprehend v. 完全理解

comprehension n. 完全理解

comprehensive adj. 包罗万象的,全面的

2 apprehend v. 逮捕

apprehension n. 逮捕;忧虑,恐惧

apprehensive adj. 忧虑的,害怕的,不安的

3 reprehend v. 批评,指责

reprehension n. 批评,指责

reprehensible adj. 应受指责的

 

visualize     v. 设想,想象

【近义词】image/ picture/ form a picture of …/ conceive of …

例句

We found it hard to picture him as the father of teenage sons.

我们无法想象他竟是十几岁孩子们的父亲。

 

reminiscence     n.

1 [U] 回忆,怀旧

2 [pl] 回忆,回忆录

对…的回忆(录)the reminiscences of / about…

【近义词&辨析】

1 reminisce v. 缅怀往事,话旧

缅怀…reminisce about …

2 memoirs n. [pl.] 回忆录,自传

3 memo / memorandum n. 备忘录

 

🔥重点表达

视觉visual perception

对现实的感知能力our perception of reality

我对这件事的看法是… My perception of the matter is that …

公众对政府表现的看法the public perception of the government’s performance

对…的回忆(录)the reminiscences of / about…

缅怀…reminisce about …

备忘录memo / memorandum

欣赏… appreciation of …

以感谢…in appreciation of …

理解… appreciation of …

需要…involve (doing) sth./ entail (doing) sth.

更进一步go further

人口的空间分布the spatial distribution of the population

儿童空间意识的发展the development of a child’s spatial awareness

(为…)努力… strive for sth /strive to do sth.

想象某事物think of sth. = imagine sth.

好像as it were / so to speak

把……与……联系起来,把……和……等同起来identify … with …

把……当做是……,认为……是……perceive … as …

继续做下一件事go on to do sth.

继续做同一件事go on with sth.

持续做某事go on doing sth.

 

🔥复盘测试

视觉

对现实的感知能力

我对这件事的看法是…

公众对政府表现的看法

对…的回忆(录)

缅怀…

备忘录

欣赏…

以感谢…

理解…

需要…

更进一步

人口的空间分布

儿童空间意识的发展

(为…)努力…

想像某事物

好像

把……与……联系起来,把……和……等同起来

把……当做是……,认为……是……

继续做下一件事

继续做同一件事

持续做某事

未经允许不得转载:帕布莉卡 » 《The sculptor speaks 雕塑家的语言》 -英语翻译教程-中英双语赏析

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