冰心《我的父母之乡》 -经典散文英译-中英双语赏析

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我的父母之乡

◎ 冰心

清晓的江头 〔16〕  ,

白雾茫茫;

是江南天气 〔17〕  ,

雨儿来了——

我只知道有蔚蓝的海,

却原来还有碧绿的江,

这是我父母之乡!

繁星156 〔18〕

福建福州永远是我的故乡,虽然我不在那里生长,但它是我的父母之乡!

到今日为止,我这一生中只回去过两次,第一次是一九一一年,是在冬季。从严冷枯黄的北方归来 〔19〕  ,看到展现在我眼前的青山碧水 〔20〕  ,红花绿叶,使我惊讶而欢喜!我觉得我的生命的风帆,已从蔚蓝的海,驶进了碧绿的江。这天我们在闽江口从大船下到小船,驶到大桥头,来接我们的伯父堂兄们把我们包围了起来,他们用乡音和我的父母热烈地交谈。我的五岁的大弟弟悄悄地用山东话问我说:“他们怎么都会说福州话?”因为从来在我们姐弟心里,福州话是最难懂难说的!

这以后的一年多的时间里,我们就过起了福州城市的生活。新年、元宵、端午、中秋……岁时节日,吃的玩的都是十分丰富而有趣。特别是灯节,那时我们家住在南后街,那里是灯市的街,元霄前后,“花市灯如昼”,灯影下人流潮涌,那光明绚丽的情景就说不尽了 〔21〕  。

第二次回去,是在一九五六年,也是在冬季。那时还没有鹰厦铁路,我们人大代表团是从江西坐汽车进去的。一路上红土公路,道滑如拭 〔22〕  ,我还没有看见过土铺的公路,维修得这样平整的!这次我不但到了福州,还到了漳州、泉州、厦门、鼓浪屿……那是祖国的南疆了。在厦门前线 〔23〕  ,我还从望远镜里看见了金门岛上的行人和牛,看得很清楚……

回忆中的情景很多,在此就不一一描写了。总之,我很喜欢我的父母之乡。那边是南国风光,山是青的,水是绿的,小溪流更是清可见底!院里四季都有花开。水果是从枇杷、荔枝、龙眼,一直吃到福桔!对一个孩子来说,还有什么比这个更惬意的呢?

我在故乡走的地方不多,但古迹、侨乡,到处可见,福建华侨,遍于天下 〔24〕  。我所到过的亚、非、欧、美各国都见到辛苦创业 〔25〕  的福建侨民,握手之余,情溢言表。在他们家里、店里,吃着福州菜,喝着茉莉花茶,使我觉得作为一个福建人是四海都有家的。

我的父母之乡是可爱的。有人从故乡来 〔26〕  ,或是有朋友新近到福建去过,我都向他们问起福建的近况。他们说:福建比起二十多年前来,进步得不可辨认了。最近呢,农业科学化了,又在植树造林 〔27〕  ,山岭田地更加郁郁葱葱了。他们都动员我回去看看,我何尝不想呢 〔28〕  ?不但我想,在全世界的天涯海角,更不知有多少人在想!我愿和故乡的人,以及普天下的福建侨民,一同在精神和物质文明方面,把故乡建设得更美好 〔29〕  !

The Land of My Ancestors

◎ Bing Xin

The River mouth at dawn,

Behind a white haze of mist.

‘Tis southern climes,

Behold, the rain is coming.

I’ve seen the blue sea all along,

Little aware of this green River.

O the land of my ancestors!

—Sparkling Stars, 156

Fuzhou of Fujian Province will always be my old home. Though I was brought up elsewhere, Fuzhou is nonetheless the land of my ancestors!

As yet, I have been back to Fuzhou no more than twice in my lifetime. I made the first trip in the winter of 1911. Returned from the bitter cold North with its drab and dried up vegetation, I was amazed and delighted when greeted by the charming scenery of sapphire mountains and emerald rivers as well as red flowers and green leaves. I felt the sailing boat of my life steering its way into the green River after leaving the blue sea behind. At the Minjiang River, we changed from the big ship to a small boat, which took us to Daqiaotou (Big Bridge), where we were met by Uncle and cousins. They gathered round us and talked warmly with my parents in the local dialect. Thereupon, my 5-year-old younger brother whispered in my ear with a Shandong accent, “How come they can all speak the Fuzhou dialect?” We had both thought that the Fuzhou dialect was indeed most difficult for anyone to learn.

From then on, we lived an urban life for more than a year in Fuzhou. During such festivals as Lunar New Year, Lantern, Dragon Boat and Mid-Autumn, we all celebrated the festivities with plenty of food and fun. Particular mention, however, should be made of the Lantern Festival when Nanhoujie, the street known for its lantern fair and also the street where we lived, became as bright as broad daylight at night with myriads of lanterns and streams of spectators. The splendor and magnificence of the scene is beyond all description.

I made the second visit in 1956, also in winter. As the Yingtan-Xiamen Railway had not yet been built, the NPC delegation, with myself as a member, had to go from Jiangxi Province by car. The highway from Jiangxi to Fuzhou, paved with red soil, was as smooth as a mirror. It was the most level soil-paved highway I had ever seen. This time I visited not only Fuzhou, but also Zhangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen and Gulangyu — the southern frontiers of our country. At the Xiamen seaside, I could see clearly through a telescope pedestrians and cows on the Quemoy Islands.

My experiences of this trip, however, are too numerous to be recounted one by one here. Anyway, I deeply love Fuzhou, my ancestral home. Over there we have the typical southern scenery with blue mountains, green waters, limpid brooks…! There in the courtyard we can always see some kind of flower in full bloom throughout the year. Fruits ranging from loquats, lichees, longans to tangerines are in plenty. Is there anything more palatable to a little child than these fruits?

I did not visit all the local attractions in Fuzhou. Everywhere we could find historical relics as well as villages and towns inhabited by relatives of overseas Chinese and returned overseas Chinese. Fujianese expatriates are found all over the world. They have mostly started from scratch by the sweat of their brow. When I met some of them on my visits to Asian, African, European and American countries, they all expressed warm feeling towards me while shaking my hand. As I ate Fuzhou food and sipped jasmine tea in their homes or shops, I felt that being a Fujianese, I could make myself at home wherever I travelled in the world.

My ancestral home is so endearing. Whenever I meet somebody hailing from Fuzhou or a friend who has recently been there, I always inquire of them about the present conditions in Fujian. They all tell me that compared with two decades ago, Fujian has made so much progress that it is now almost beyond recognition. Recently I have learned that people there have gone in for scientific farming and afforestation so that green and luxuriant vegetation has appeared on all mountains and fields. People have been advising me to pay another visit to my old home. Yes, I am more than eager to do so. And so are my numerous fellow townsmen in all corners of the world. I hope that together with all the people in my home town as well as all overseas Chinese from Fujian, I can do my bit to make a still better place of my ancestral home, both materially and culturally.

冰心出生后不久就远离故乡福州,以后只回去过两次。她这篇短文写于1982年3月29日,以轻倩的笔调,抒写有关故乡和童年的回忆,并对当前故乡的建设表达了深切的关怀。

注释

〔15〕 “将繁灯当作繁星,简直是抵得过”译为the numerous lamplights now easily passed for as many stars,其中短语to pass for的意思是“被看作”、“被当作”等。
〔16〕 “江头”指闽江入海处,故译the River mouth。
〔17〕 “江南天气”译为southern climes,其中climes是英语诗歌用语,常用复数,意同climate。
〔18〕 《繁星》是冰心1923年出版的第一部诗集,收小诗凡164首。现将《繁星》译为Sparkling Stars。
〔19〕 “从严冷枯黄的北方归来”译为Returned from the bitter cold North with its drab and dried up vegetation,其中Returned是不及物动词return的过去分词,在此作形容词。又,vegetation是译文中的添加成分,作“草木”、“植被”解。
〔20〕 “青山碧水”译为sapphire mountains and emerald rivers,其中sapphire和emerald均为实物颜色词,原意分别为“蓝宝石”和“绿宝石”。译文用这两个实物颜色词是为了增加修辞效果。
〔21〕 “就说不尽了”意即“就难以形容了”,故译beyond description,为英语成语。
〔22〕 “道滑如拭”意即“道路平坦”,译为The highway … was as smooth as a mirror,其中mirror为英语常用有关比喻。
〔23〕 “在厦门前线”译为At the Xiamen seaside,其中用seaside代替frontline,是为便于国外读者理解。
〔24〕 “福建华侨,遍于天下”译为Fujianese expatriates are found all over the world,其中expatriates的意思是“移居国外者”、“离乡背井者”。此句也可译为Overseas Chinese from Fujian。
〔25〕 “辛苦创业”译为have started from scratch by the sweat of their brow,其中to start from scratch和by the sweat of one’s brow均为英语成语,分别作“白手起家”和“靠自己辛勤劳动”解。
〔26〕 “有人从故乡来”也可译为somebody who has come from Fuzhou,但不如somebody hailing from Fuzhou简洁,其中to hail作“来自”解。
〔27〕 “农业科学化了,又在植树造林”译为people there have gone in for scientific farming and afforestation,其中to go in for是成语,作“致力于”、“从事于”解,在译文中是添加成分,原文虽无其词,而有其意。
〔28〕 “我何尝不想呢”译为Yes, I am more than eager to do so,其中more than作very或extremely解。

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