吴伯箫《夜谈》 -英语翻译教程-中英双语赏析

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夜谈

吴伯箫

 

说不定性格是属忧郁一派的,要不怎么会喜欢了夜呢?

 

喜欢夜街头憧憧的人影。喜欢空寂的屋里荧然的孤灯。喜欢凉凉秋夜唳空的过雁。喜欢江船上眠愁的旅客谛听夜半钟声。喜欢惊涛拍岸的海啸未央夜还訇磕的回应着远山近山。喜欢使祖逖拔剑起舞的阵阵鸡鸣。喜欢僻街穷巷黑阴里接二连三的汪汪犬吠。喜欢午夜的一声枪。喜欢小胡同里蹒跚着的鸟儿郎当的流氓。喜欢直响到天亮的舞场里的爵士乐。喜欢洞房里亮堂堂的花烛,花烛下看娇羞的新嫁娘。喜欢旅馆里夜深还有人喊茶房,要开壶。喜欢长长的舒一舒懒腰,睡惺松的大张了口打个喷嚏;因为喜欢了夜,这些夜里的玩艺便都喜欢了呢。是的,我喜欢夜。因此,也喜欢了夜谈。

 

火辣辣的白天,那是人们忙手忙脚在吩咐人或听人吩咐的时候。庄稼老斗正犁耙,锄头,汗一把泥一把的在田间苦辛劳碌;买卖家正拨动着算盘珠响,口角飞沫,毫厘忽的计较者,在彼此勾心斗角的耍着聪明;工人们心手都变了机器;学堂里,先生们在拿了不是当理说,学生在闹着鬼,偷先生睡晌觉的那点闲暇。这些,想谈话,谈何容易?要谈且等到夜吧。要谈也最好是夜吧。

 

夏天夜里,在乡间,刚刚放下晚饭的筷子,星星就已撒满天了。庭院里蚊子多,也多少有点见闷热,替祖父拿着狗皮垫褥,提了水烟袋,走到村边绕了杨柳树的场园时,咯咯啰啰说着话的地上已坐满了人了。垫着蓑衣的,坐着小板凳的,脱了鞋就拿鞋当了坐垫的,铺了苇席叠了腿躺着的,都乘凉来了。老年的爷爷,中年的伯叔,年轻的兄弟,都亲热的招呼着:“吃过了么?”“这边坐坐啊。”

 

有说着欠欠身的,也有说着就站了起来的。心上真是平安而熨帖啊。先是会吸烟的吸一阵子烟,不会吸烟的去数数星捉捉萤火,慢慢的就谈起闲天来了。慢慢的就说起故事来了。有长毛造反,有梁山伯祝英台,有“那年大旱一连七七四十九天,田中颗粒无收。”说鬼,说狐仙,说家长理短,真有味哪。害怕了时往人缝里挤挤,听得高兴了,随了大家一块儿笑笑。望着一直黑到天边的茫茫大野,看着星,看着萤火,看着烟斗一亮一亮的微光,心是冲淡宁静的。人是与夜合融了的。一个流星扫过了,大家嚷:“你瞧那颗贼星!”路边走过一支灯笼,狗咬起来了。

 

“狗!”有人在呵叱着。

问:“上那儿去的?”

“赶店的呢。”或“到城里去的。”那提灯笼的回话。

 

心上一惊往往接着就平安了的。眼看着灯笼远,远。跟前故事又开头了。偶然也来两口二簧,梆子腔。你听,“金牌召来银牌选……”还是小嗓。

 

这是夜谈。这是乡间的夜谈。这样夜谈是常常到丙夜才散的,是常常到露重了才散的。是常常谈着谈着有人睡着了,打起呼噜来;有人磕睡了,打起呵欠来。有谁家孩子的妈唤她的孩子:“还不给我回来睡觉!”孩子揉着困眼,不愿走,可是走了。又有谁家丈夫的老婆喊她的丈夫:“我说,还不回家么?”听话的老实的丈夫,也是不愿走,可是也站起来走了。这样你走,我也走,人就渐渐的稀,话就渐渐的少了。到人散净了,狗也“啊哼”一声舒起懒腰来,留下的就只有吱吱的蝙蝠飞,嗡嗡的蚊虫叫,仿佛还在谈得热闹。

 

有远离乡井的人,柿风沐雨的漂泊,山啊河的跋涉,想着家,迈着疲惫的脚步,好歹在太阳快落的时候赶到了一家野店。进门,踩躲脚上的尘土,擦一把脸,擤擤鼻子。到屋里,喝茶呢,怪渴,喝了几杯;不想吃东西,也胡乱的应酬了点儿,不过应当收拾睡的时候,却偏偏睡不着了。对了一盏灯,孤零零的,又乏,又闷,又愁,简直想落泪,想哭。忽然,这时候车门开处,又进来了一位客人,挑担子的吧,推小车的吧,赶了毛驴卖酒的吧,不管,也是投宿的就好。你看他,进得店来,也是跺跺脚上的尘土,擦一把脸,擤擤鼻子,屋里来喝茶吃饭。其初你本来毫无心绪去招呼他的,只是愁得想落泪,想哭。可是后来你招呼他了:“从那儿来呀?”“往哪儿去啊?”

 

你问他贵姓,他也问您贵姓,不是慢慢的就熟了么?慢慢的就谈起话来了。同是旅途的客人啊!同病是会相怜的呢。说着话,彼此都感到了几分亲挚,几分慰藉。就这样,你忘掉了你的孤单,也不很愁苦了,悄悄的你就踱到了梦中。那怕醒来枕上仍复有着泪痕,总比你听一夜更夫的柝声,在床上泥鳅似的辗转不寐好喽。

 

若然是他乡遇故知呢?那就更该喝杯酒贺贺了。你们不会坐以待旦么?话一夜是说不完的。高兴了紧紧握住了手,难过了涕泪阑干,或拍着肩膀彼此会心的笑笑,谁知道都说些什么话呢?夜是寂寥的,你忘了;夜是漫漫儿长的,你也忘了。你只感到兴奋,只感到袭上心来的莫名的脉脉欢喜,莫名的阵阵酸辛。

 

这又是一种夜谈。

 

要是,外面风声一刻紧一刻,处处暗探包围得水泄不通,一帮革命党人,却还兀自在一间小小的顶楼上,或一所闷气的地下室里,燃一支细烛,光微弱得呼吸都嘘得在灭,在会谈些什么,理论些什么呢。切切喳喳的说话声,怕全凭了眼睛去听才懂。可是人并不慌张,倒是镇定锁住了每颗热烈的心的。用眼里灼灼的光芒互相喜悦的对看着,仿佛在期待着一个人,在等着一道极严重的命令似的。好久好久,正疑惑着:“怎么还不来?”“该不会有差错吧?

 

忽然,不敢相信的听着轻轻敲了三下门,望过去,从门缝里挤进来的是一个破布蓝衫的青年。正是他,清瘦的身躯,犀利的眼光,紧闭的嘴唇,像钳着铁一般的意志似的。大家下意识的肃穆的立了起来,欢迎他;又下意识的肃穆的坐了下去,听他说话。

 

先是女孩子样的,大方而熳烂的笑,给每个矜持的灵魂投下一副定惊的药剂,接着那低微而清晰流畅的声调响起来,就像新出山的泉水那样丁咚有致。说陷阱就像说一个舞女的爱;说牢狱就像讲一部古书;说到生活,说它应当像雨天的雷电,有点响声,也有点光亮,哪怕就算一闪即过的短促呢,也好。说死是另一种梦的开头,不必希冀也不必怕,那是与生活无关的。说奸细的愚蠢,说暴动的盛事,也说那将来的万众腾欢的日子。一没留神,你看,各个人都从内心里透出一种没遮拦的欢笑了,满脸上都罩上那含羞似的红光了。振奋了,激励着,人人都像一粒炸弹似的。饱藏着了一种不可遏抑的力。

 

这也是一种夜谈,听这种夜谈是不会打吨的。

 

夜谈是有味的。除夕大年夜,一家老小,守岁喝黄米酒,烧大盆火,同话祖宗遗事;零乱的爆竹声中,那夜谈是弥漫着天伦之乐的。两个看坡的老人,地头上禾稼丛里,领一条狗,曳一杆猎枪,在夜色凄其的时候,吸烟说杂话,听禾苗刷刷的长,那夜谈是有田野风的。几个青年人捧了一位蔼然可亲的老先生,向他质疑问难,说诗经里的郑风,讲希腊神话,娓娓动听的那博雅谈吐,是充满着书香的。偶语弃市,眉眼便代替了唇舌;楚囚对泣,眼泪说一腔抑郁。“开琼宴以坐花,飞羽觞而醉月,”管它闲情还是逸趣呢,夜谈总是可爱的。

 

不信,你来,大大的一壶白开,小小的一坛醇酒,一听香烟,若干份上海小报,烤白薯,几卷禁书;替你约两三个知心朋友,在花香的春夜也好,雷电风雨的夏夜也好,萧萧风唧唧虫鸣的秋夜也好,深冬大雪夜也好;月白如水的时候,一夕数惊的时候,别后重逢,都随你;请你谈,作彻夜的谈。那么,联床西窗烛下,该是你睡不着觉的时候了吧?

 

喂,伙家,就请移驾夜谈如何?

 

夜谈

吴伯箫

Night Talk

—By Wu Boxiao

 

说不定性格是属忧郁一派的,要不怎么会喜欢了夜呢?

Perhaps I have a melancholy disposition. If not, what else can explain my affection for the night?

🎈melancholy adj. 忧郁的;悲伤的

心情愉快/忧郁 in a merry / melancholy mood

🎈disposition n. [C, usually sing.] 性情,性格

性格阳光to have a cheerful disposition

容易焦虑的人群people of a nervous disposition

【形近词】indisposition n. (fml.)小病,小恙a slight illness

🎈对……的(深厚)感情(deep)affection for

对A抱有……感情 cherish a +adj.+ affection + for A

母爱/父爱maternal / paternal affection


 

喜欢夜街头憧憧的人影。喜欢空寂的屋里荧然的孤灯。喜欢凉凉秋夜唳空的过雁。

I love the shadows of people strolling in the streets, the lone lamp shimmering in the deserted house, and the shriek of wild geese gliding past on the cool autumn night.

🎈非谓语成分strolling in the streets、shimmering in the deserted house、gliding past on the cool autumn night分别是people、lamp、geese的后置修饰语。


 

喜欢江船上眠愁的旅客谛听夜半钟声。喜欢惊涛拍岸的海啸未央夜还訇磕的回应着远山近山。喜欢使祖逖拔剑起舞的阵阵鸡鸣。喜欢僻街穷巷黑阴里接二连三的汪汪犬吠。喜欢午夜的一声枪。喜欢小胡同里蹒跚着的鸟儿郎当的流氓。

 

I adore the sound of bell that reaches drowsy boat passengers at midnight, the roar of seas resounding in the hills at dawn, and the crowing of roosters announcing the start of martial arts practice. I treasure the dogs incessantly barking in those out-of-the-way, pitch-black lanes, the mysterious midnight gunshots, and the rascals fooling around in the alley.

🎈drowsy adj. 困倦的,昏昏欲睡的 tired and almost asleep

例句

The tablets may make you feel drowsy.

这些药片可能会使你昏昏欲睡。

🎈武术martial arts

武术器材martial arts equipment

uout-of-the-way adj. 偏僻的;人迹罕至的difficult to reach and are therefore not often visited

🎈pitch-black adj.漆黑的、乌黑的completely dark or black

…一片漆黑 …be in pitch darkness/be pitch dark

例句

刘白羽《白蝴蝶之恋》

……两点黑漆似的眼睛,几只像丝一样细的脚。

……Its two eyes were pitch-black. Its legs were thin like thread.

🎈游手好闲,闲耍,虚度光阴 fool around/about

与某人打情骂俏,乱搞男女关系 fool around with sb

例句

She’s been fooling around with a married man.

她一直和一个有妇之夫鬼混。


 

喜欢直响到天亮的舞场里的爵士乐。喜欢洞房里亮堂堂的花烛,花烛下看娇羞的新嫁娘。

I cherish the jazz music playing all night in the dance hall, the bright candles glowing in the nuptial chamber, and the pretty, bashful bride captured by the candlelight.

🎈舞厅 the dance hall

舞曲 the dance music

🎈 chamber特指(用作某种用途)的房间。如此处的“洞房”和柔石的《为奴隶的母亲》中“<洞房>花烛夜,金榜挂名时。…to spend the first night in <the nuptial chamber> or to pass a civil service examination.”又如《今夜,我是你的新娘》中的“属于我处女的最后一个白天是我一个人静静地待在房里,我悄悄地布置着我的<新房>。On the last day of my virginity, I stayed indoors alone, quietly decorating my <wedding chamber>.”


 

喜欢旅馆里夜深还有人喊茶房,要开壶。喜欢长长的舒一舒懒腰,睡惺松的大张了口打个喷嚏;因为喜欢了夜,这些夜里的玩艺便都喜欢了呢。是的,我喜欢夜。因此,也喜欢了夜谈。

I enjoy hearing hotel lodgers calling for boiling water in the middle of the night. Naturally, when my eyes are heavy with sleep, I cherish the feeling of stretching out in bed and sneezing as loud as I can. Because I worship the night time, I have a fondness for all these nightly events. I cherish the night, and so night talk becomes my love.

🎈喜欢……

1)have a + adj + affection for…

2)have a fondness for…

3)love/enjoy/adore/cherish/worship…

4)…become one’s love

🎈worship v. 崇拜,景仰,热爱

love or admire sth or sb very much

例句

She had worshipped him for years.

她仰慕他已有多年。


 

火辣辣的白天,那是人们忙手忙脚在吩咐人或听人吩咐的时候。

In the searing heat of the day, people shout orders or wait for instructions amid the frantic rush.

🎈searing adj. 灼热的,强烈的

used to indicate that something such as pain or heat is very intense

热带夏季灼人的热浪the searing heat of a tropical summer

火辣辣的疼痛searing pain

🎈frantic adj. 紧张忙乱的,手忙脚乱的

done quickly and with a lot of activity, but in a way that is not very well organized

例句

They made frantic attempts to revive him.

他们拼命地努力让他苏醒过来。

Things are frantic in the office right now.

现在办公室里忙作一团。


 

庄稼老斗正犁耙,锄头,汗一把泥一把的在田间苦辛劳碌;买卖家正拨动着算盘珠响,口角飞沫,毫厘忽的计较者,在彼此勾心斗角的耍着聪明;

Old farmers till their fields with their ploughs, rakes, and hoes, covered head to toe with mud and sweat. Business people tick off their abacus beads while haggling over every penny in a dance of saliva spray, trying to outsmart each other.

🎈农具

犁plough

耙rake

锄头 hoe

镰刀 sickle

拖拉机 tractor

🎈till v. 耕,犁地

犁地 till fields/land

🎈生意人,商业人士 business people

🎈(和某人)讨价还价 haggle with sb over sth

例句

I left him in the market haggling over the price of a shirt.

我扔下他自己在市场上就一件衬衫讨价还价。

🎈penny n.[单数名词] 一个子儿,分文

锱铢必较haggle over every penny

朝中有人胜于囊中有钱。A friend in court is better than a penny in purse.

身无分文。Not a penny to my name.

🎈outsmart(比…聪明)中前缀out-常表示「超常、超过」等。如:使相形见绌,表现胜过…outshine、outperform等。


 

工人们心手都变了机器;学堂里,先生们在拿了不是当理说,学生在闹着鬼,偷先生睡晌觉的那点闲暇。

Factory workers turn themselves into machines; school-masters offer lame arguments, trying to justify themselves. Meanwhile, their students take advantage of their afternoon nap to get into mischief.

🎈蹩脚的借口/论点 lame excuses/arguments

站不住脚的理论 lame theories

🎈利用这个机会/凭借这个优势 take this opportunity/advantage to do sth

使用,运用,利用

1)use/exploit/exercise/utilize/harness

2)make use of

3)take advantage of

🎈恶作剧,捣乱,淘气 get into mischief

例句

While my wife was cooking, she kept half an eye on the baby to see that she didn’t get into mischief.

我太太一边煮饭一边时时瞟着小宝宝,怕她淘起气来。


 

这些,想谈话,谈何容易?要谈且等到夜吧。要谈也最好是夜吧。

You see, how could they have a talk? Even if they wanted to, they would have to wait until nightfall. Night is prime time for a talk.

🎈怎么会,怎能,怎么能够,怎么可能 how could(带有惊讶、无法相信的感情色彩)

例句

丰子恺《初冬浴日漫感》

感觉何以能变叛?是自然教它的。

How could they have done this to me? The answer can be found in Nature.

🎈黄金时段prime time

黄金时间的电视节目 prime-time television


 

夏天夜里,在乡间,刚刚放下晚饭的筷子,星星就已撒满天了。

On summer nights, by the time we put down our chopsticks, stars would have already dotted the country sky.

🎈by the time we put down our chopsticks意同… by the time when / that / at which we put down our chopsticks,这几种用法都正确。

🎈某物散布于某地

1)sth + dot a place

2)a place +be dotted with sth

何为《照片上的童年》

照片上的背景部分,经过漫长岁月,留下泛黄的时间痕迹,还有一些幻影似的模糊斑点。

The background of the photos was yellowed with age and dotted with fuzzy specks.


 

庭院里蚊子多,也多少有点见闷热,替祖父拿着狗皮垫褥,提了水烟袋,走到村边绕了杨柳树的场园时,咯咯啰啰说着话的地上已坐满了人了。

Our courtyard was infested with mosquitoes and more or less stifling hot, so I would join my grandpa for a stroll to a big ring encircled with willows at the edge of the village. I would bring a mattress of dog skin and a hooka for him, but when we arrived we would discover the grounds already packed with villagers chatting incessantly about their trifles.

🎈(某地)充满…… be infested with…

【补充】“-ridden ”: full of sth. unpleasant(充满了令人讨厌的东西)

负债累累的国家debt-ridden countries

到处是蚊子的沼泽地mosquito-ridden swamps

疾病肆虐的贫民窟disease-ridden slums

“-infested ”(充满了动物)

到处是鲨鱼的水域shark-infested waters

老鼠成患的仓库rat-infested warehouses

到处是昆虫的树木insect-infested trees

🎈(某处)挤满了…be thronged / crowded / packed with …

例句

The streets were thronged / crowded / packed with Christmas shoppers.

(某处)到处是/挤满了…be swarming / teeming with …

例句

The campus was swarming / teeming with students.


 

垫着蓑衣的,坐着小板凳的,脱了鞋就拿鞋当了坐垫的,铺了苇席叠了腿躺着的,都乘凉来了。

Some were sitting on straw rain capes or short wooden stools, or on the shoes they had taken off; others would unfurl reed mattresses lying down with legs doubled up—all were enjoying the coolness.

🎈蓑衣 straw rain cape


 

老年的爷爷,中年的伯叔,年轻的兄弟,都亲热的招呼着:“吃过了么?”“这边坐坐啊。”

Grandpas, uncles, and brothers would warmly greet us, “Good evening!” or “Please come and sit here!”

🎈和某人打招呼greet sb

打招呼会互吻双颊greet with a kiss on each cheek


 

有说着欠欠身的,也有说着就站了起来的。心上真是平安而熨帖啊。

During our welcomes, some would half rise from their seats while others would stand up. How warm and relaxed we would feel!

🎈welcome n. 迎接,接待,欢迎

something that you do or say to sb when they arrive, especially sth that makes them feel you are happy to see them

热情接待warm welcome

热烈欢迎 an enthusiastic welcome

欢迎辞,欢迎的微笑a speech/smile of welcome

受到英雄般的欢迎to receive a hero’s welcome


 

先是会吸烟的吸一阵子烟,不会吸烟的去数数星捉捉萤火,慢慢的就谈起闲天来了。慢慢的就说起故事来了。有长毛造反,有梁山伯祝英台,有“那年大旱一连七七四十九天,田中颗粒无收。”

The smokers would suck on pipes, and those who didn’t smoke would count stars or catch glowworms before they got around to chewing the fat of old stories featuring those long-haired Taiping rebels or some Chinese Romeo and Juliet or a drought that lasted forty-nine days and caused total crop failure.

🎈吸烟(斗)suck on pipes

朱德《母亲的回忆》

吸大烟smoke a long-stemmed Chinese pipe

以前吸烟用的是长柄烟管。

 

🎈glowworm n.发光虫

a type of insect. The female has no wings and produces a green light at the end of the tail.

firefly n.萤火虫

a type of beetle that produces light from its body

🎈抽出时间做,终于去做 get around/round to doing sth

例句

I wondered when you would get around to that.

我还在想你什么时候才会问起这个。

🎈(长时间)闲聊,闲扯 chew the fat

例句

Mommy didn’t have time to sit around and chew the fat.

妈妈没空坐下闲聊。

🎈sth/sb featuring…结构中feature之后可接「特色」和「内容」。如:德智体美劳全面发展的社会主义事业建设者和接班人 builders and successors of socialist cause featuring all-round development in moral grounding, intellectual and physical ability, aesthetic sensibility, and work skills.

u长毛:因清朝推行剃发易服,太平天国则均不剃发、不结辫,披头散发,故太平军被称作“长毛”,清廷蔑称其为“长毛体贼”、“毛贼”、“发贼”、“发逆”等等。

🎈收成不佳,作物歉收,作物减产 crop failure

例句

The resulting global warming poses risks ranging from rising sea levels that drown inhabited coasts to crop failures from stronger heat waves and drought.

全球变暖势必会造成海平面上升,沿海居住区的淹没,以及以及热浪和干旱加剧导致的作物减产。


 

说鬼,说狐仙,说家长理短,真有味哪。害怕了时往人缝里挤挤,听得高兴了,随了大家一块儿笑笑。

They talked of ghosts, of fairy foxes, and domestic busybodies. How interesting it was! When frightened, we huddled closer to our neighbors; when delighted, we joined in laughter with them.

🎈busybody n. 好管闲事的人;好事的人an officious or inquisitive person


 

望着一直黑到天边的茫茫大野,看着星,看着萤火,看着烟斗一亮一亮的微光,心是冲淡宁静的。人是与夜合融了的。

Watching the fading dusk over the vast expanse of land, the twinkling stars, and the glimmering hookas, we felt completely at peace. Together we merged into the darkness!

🎈「茫茫大野」如果只翻译成land很难让人产生「茫茫」的感觉,而expanse正好弥补了这一缺失给读者呈现出了「广阔、辽阔」的景象,译得更充分、饱满。

🎈hooka n. 水烟筒(利用水的吸烟装置,等于hookah)

🎈融汇/合并到一块be merged in / into …= be joined in / into …=merge into …

老舍《想北平》

多少风景名胜,从雨后什刹海的蜻蜓一直到我梦里的玉泉山的塔影,都积凑到一块。

Numerous scenic spots and historical sites from Shi Sha Hai Lake with its dragonflies after a rain to the Yu Quan Shan Mountain with the dream pagoda on top—all merge into a single whole.


 

一个流星扫过了,大家嚷:“你瞧那颗贼星!”路边走过一支灯笼,狗咬起来了。

Then a meteor would suddenly dart across the sky, and we would shout out “Look at the shooting star!” And when a lantern approached on the nearby road, the dogs would bark their welcome.

🎈meteor n.流星

a piece of rock from outer space that makes a bright line across the night sky as it burns up while falling through the earth’s atmosphere

流星雨a meteor shower

【补充】

1)outer planet n. 外行星,带外行星

any of the planets Jupiter(木星)

Saturn(土星)

Uranus(天王星)

Neptune(海王星)

and Pluto(冥王星)

whose orbits lie beyond the asteroid(小行星) belt

2)star(恒星):star一般情况下译作星星就可以,但一和天体挂钩,star指的就是恒星了。而人们晚上看到的星星几乎都是恒星,而且是比太阳大很多的恒星。天上有且仅有几颗行星(planet)(在特定时间和地点)肉眼可见。行星之所以能与恒星区分开来,是因为它们的位置随着背景恒星(太阳)的变化而略有变化。


 

“狗!”有人在呵叱着。

问:“上那儿去的?”

“赶店的呢。”或“到城里去的。”那提灯笼的回话。

“Damn dog!” some mutt owner would curse.

“Where are you heading?” he would continue.

“Looking for a guesthouse” or “towards the town” the lantern would reply.

🎈 mutt n. 狗,杂种狗

a dog, especially one that is not of a particular breed


 

心上一惊往往接着就平安了的。眼看着灯笼远,远。跟前故事又开头了。

After this interruption had passed, peace and quiet would return. When watching the lantern disappear into the distance, the villagers would resume their stories.

🎈 resume

1)v. 重新开始;(中断后)继续

继续(做)某事resume (doing) sth

重新进行会谈/谈判resume talks/negotiations

2) 回到(原来的座位、地方或位置)resume one’s seat/place/position

3)n. 摘要,概述,概要a short summary or account of sth

到目前为止事件的概述a brief résumé of events so far

4)n. (求职用的)履历,简历

个人简历personal resume /curriculum viate (CV)

例句

Applications with a full curriculum vitae and two references should reach the Principal by June 12th.

申请书连同完整个人简历和两份推荐信必须在 6 月 12 日以前送达校长处。


 

偶然也来两口二簧,梆子腔。你听,“金牌召来银牌选……”还是小嗓。

From time to time, they would sing a couple of erhuang melodies or some local operas. Listen! Someone was singing in falsetto, “Summon the best singsong girl, or bring me the second best.”

🎈二簧: 是京剧的主要声腔之一,是一种抒情的腔调,比较稳重、平和、深沉。

🎈梆子腔:汉族传统戏曲四大声腔之一,因以硬木梆子击节而得名。陕西的同州梆子和山西的蒲州梆子(今蒲剧)是现存最早的梆子腔剧种,它们对梆子腔基本音乐风格的形成起了很大的作用。

🎈小嗓:青衣、小生演唱时的嗓音。

 


 

这是夜谈。这是乡间的夜谈。这样夜谈是常常到丙夜才散的,是常常到露重了才散的。

This is night talk in the countryside. The crowd would not break up until it was well past midnight and the air was wet with dew.

🎈散(会)、使解散break up

例句

许地山《落花生》

我们谈到夜阑才散,

We kept chatting until the party broke up late at night.

🎈露重the air was wet with dew

热汗直流 be wet with perspiration


 

是常常谈着谈着有人睡着了,打起呼噜来;有人磕睡了,打起呵欠来。有谁家孩子的妈唤她的孩子:“还不给我回来睡觉!”孩子揉着困眼,不愿走,可是走了。

Often, people would talk themselves to sleep and snore away, while others would yawn widely and doze off. A mother might call out to her child, “Quick now, get back to sleep!” The child would rub his drowsy eyes, and reluctantly return home.

🎈喊某人 call out to sb

例句

As I’m about to call out to them they run away.

正当我要叫他们时他们却跑开了。


 

又有谁家丈夫的老婆喊她的丈夫:“我说,还不回家么?”听话的老实的丈夫,也是不愿走,可是也站起来走了。

A wife would then shout to her husband, “I say, why are you hanging around there?” With reluctance, the obedient, honest husband would get up and leave right away.

🎈get up

1)起床

2)起立,站起来

3)穿衣打扮 (get oneself up)

例句

They knew how to get themselves up in those days.

那时候,他们懂得打扮。


 

这样你走,我也走,人就渐渐的稀,话就渐渐的少了。到人散净了,狗也“啊哼”一声舒起懒腰来,留下的就只有吱吱的蝙蝠飞,嗡嗡的蚊虫叫,仿佛还在谈得热闹。

One after another, the crowd grew thinner and the talk mellowed. When the crowd broke up, the dog would utter an Aheng, stretch its limbs and call it a day, leaving the whole area to bats and mosquitoes to prolong the cacophony of the evening talk.

🎈收工,到此为止,停止 call it a day

例句

We’re going to have to call it a day.

要不今天就先到这儿。

🎈cacophony n. 刺耳的嘈杂声a mixture of loud unpleasant sounds

震耳欲聋的刺耳警报声a cacophony of deafening alarm bells


 

有远离乡井的人,柿风沐雨的漂泊,山啊河的跋涉,想着家,迈着疲惫的脚步,好歹在太阳快落的时候赶到了一家野店。

A traveler far from home trudged across mountains and rivers, braving wind and rain. Reflecting on what he left behind, he walked with heavy steps and somehow found a roadside inn when the sun was setting.

🎈跋山涉水to trudge across mountains and rivers

柿风沐雨to brave wind and rain

以风梳发,以雨洗头。形容在外 奔波,不避风雨,历尽艰辛。

brave v. 勇敢面对,冒风险,经受困难


 

进门,踩躲脚上的尘土,擦一把脸,擤擤鼻子。

Approaching the door, he stamped his feet to shake off the dust, rubbed his face, and blew his nose.

🎈擤鼻子 blow one’s nose

打喷嚏 sneeze


 

到屋里,喝茶呢,怪渴,喝了几杯;不想吃东西,也胡乱的应酬了点儿,不过应当收拾睡的时候,却偏偏睡不着了。对了一盏灯,孤零零的,又乏,又闷,又愁,简直想落泪,想哭。

Inside the dining hall, he felt fearfully thirsty and so began to drink, one cup after another. Though he did not think himself hungry, he casually grabbed a quick bite. Yet after he made the bed, he could not fall into slumber. In the presence of the lone lamp, he felt so fatigued, dejected, and melancholy that tears glistened in his eyes.

🎈餐厅,食堂 the dining hall

🎈吃点东西(非正式语),随便吃几口,先吃点东西垫垫肚子 grab a bit

🎈睡着 fall into a slumber

🎈think的用法

1.think+ 从句

I think ( that ) it is a good thing.

2.think+ 名词或代词

3.think+ 名词或代词 + 名词或形容词(宾补)

4.think + it (形式宾语) + 形容词或名词(宾补) + 不定式/动名词/从句(直接宾语)

5.think+ 不定式

6.think + wh- 词 + 不定式

7.think+ 名词或代词 +to be 短语(宾补)


 

忽然,这时候车门开处,又进来了一位客人,挑担子的吧,推小车的吧,赶了毛驴卖酒的吧,不管,也是投宿的就好。

Suddenly, through the gate entered another guest. He might be a porter, or a cart puller, or a liquor seller on donkey back, but who cares about the newcomer’s trade? So long as he was here for the night.

🎈porter n. 火车站或宾馆的行李员,搬运工

a person whose job is carrying people’s bags and other loads, especially at a train station, an airport or in a hotel


 

你看他,进得店来,也是跺跺脚上的尘土,擦一把脸,擤擤鼻子,屋里来喝茶吃饭。

You see, when he entered, he also stamped his feet to shake off the dust, rubbed his face, and blew his nose before sitting down to food and drink.

🎈跺脚 stamp one’s feet

站起来 rise to one’s feet

跳起来spring to one’s feet

一跃而起jump to one’s feet

🎈food and drink

1)(动词形式)吃饭喝茶

2)(名词形式)食物饮料


 

其初你本来毫无心绪去招呼他的,只是愁得想落泪,想哭。可是后来你招呼他了:“从那儿来呀?”“往哪儿去啊?”

At the beginning, you were so depressed and anxious that you were in no mood to converse, but soon found yourself greeting him with a “Where are you from?” or a “Where are you going?”

🎈没有兴致做某事be in no mood to do sth


 

你问他贵姓,他也问您贵姓,不是慢慢的就熟了么?慢慢的就谈起话来了。同是旅途的客人啊!同病是会相怜的呢。说着话,彼此都感到了几分亲挚,几分慰藉。

You asked his name and he did the same, and so you became acquainted. By and by, words began to flow. After all, you were fellow travelers! Naturally the two of you should sympathize with each other. As your conversation went on, a feeling of warmth and relief began to well up.

🎈对某人或某物很熟悉be acquainted with sb. / sth.

acquaintance n.[U]知道,了解;[C]熟人

🎈 fellow travelers中fellow指「和(自己)身份、地位相同的人」,比如同胞fellow Chinese。

🎈涌出 well up

例句

《田水哗啦》

她不解地瞧着雪癞子,眼里唸着泪,终于鼓足了勇气,第一遭喊了声:“阿雪哥!”

She looked at Scabby-headed Xue with incomprehension. Tears welled up in her eyes. She plucked up her courage to call him “Brother Ah Xue” for the first time.


 

就这样,你忘掉了你的孤单,也不很愁苦了,悄悄的你就踱到了梦中。那怕醒来枕上仍复有着泪痕,总比你听一夜更夫的柝声,在床上泥鳅似的辗转不寐好喽。

Your solitude and distress were forgotten before sleep carried you away. Even if you woke up to find the pillow stained with tears, a night of broken sleep is still better than a night spent in tossing and turning in time with the watchman’s clapper.

🎈沾着,浸着 be stained with sth

例句

His hands were stained with paint.

他的手沾上了颜料。

🎈时睡时醒,断断续续的睡眠a broken sleep


 

若然是他乡遇故知呢?那就更该喝杯酒贺贺了。

If you encounter an old friend in an alien land, that would be even more a cause for celebration.

🎈他乡遇故知to encounter an old friend in an alien land

与…格格不入be alien to

例句

The idea is alien to our religion.

这个想法不符合我们的宗教信仰。

Luxury is alien to her nature.

奢侈不是她的本性。

外国文化alien cultures

外星人alien beings from another planet


 

你们不会坐以待旦么?话一夜是说不完的。高兴了紧紧握住了手,难过了涕泪阑干,或拍着肩膀彼此会心的笑笑,谁知道都说些什么话呢?

Won’t you drink the night away, waiting for day to break? Of course, you can never share all your thoughts in one night’s conversation. When pleased, you clasp each other’s hands; if dispirited, you may shed tears or pat each other’s shoulders, smiling knowingly at each other. Who knows what topics you may talk about?

🎈break v.天破晓

daybreak n.[U]黎明,拂晓,破晓

破晓,黎明 dawn arrives/the day is breaking…/ the day is dawning

🎈流泪,落泪 shed tears

流下伤心的泪水shed bitter tears

蜕壳shed /moult(molt) shell


 

夜是寂寥的,你忘了;夜是漫漫儿长的,你也忘了。你只感到兴奋,只感到袭上心来的莫名的脉脉欢喜,莫名的阵阵酸辛。这又是一种夜谈。

Night is lonely, but you forget about it. Night slows the passage of time, but you put that out of your mind. You only feel the night’s excitement and delight welling up in your heart, together with the inexplicable pangs of misery. There is another kind of night talk.

🎈lonely和alone的区别:alone为形容词,意为「单独的」,只作表语,不能作定语。侧重说明独自一人,只表示客观的状态。lonely意为“孤独的”,表示主观上感到孤独、寂寞,它为形容词,在句中作表语或定语。意为“荒凉;偏僻”,多修饰表示地点的名词。

🎈阵阵…… pangs of…

pang n.[C] 突然的疼痛(或痛苦);一阵剧痛a sudden strong feeling of physical or emotional pain

饥饿之苦hunger pangs/pangs of hunger

突然涌来的嫉妒a sudden pang of jealousy

例句

It is hard to stand the pangs of a toothache.

牙疼是难以忍受的痛苦。

🎈 inexplicable adj. 费解的,无法解释的,莫名的

cannot be understood or explained

(近义词 incomprehensible)

令人费解的行为inexplicable behaviour

由于某种莫名其妙的原因for some inexplicable reason


 

要是,外面风声一刻紧一刻,处处暗探包围得水泄不通,一帮革命党人,却还兀自在一间小小的顶楼上,或一所闷气的地下室里,燃一支细烛,光微弱得呼吸都嘘得在灭,在会谈些什么,理论些什么呢。

The situation had grown increasingly tense and secret agents had crowded about the place, yet a gang of revolutionaries sat quiet and still in some cramped garret or stuffy basement, talking and arguing under candlelight so faint that a whiff of breath could have extinguished it.

🎈一帮,一伙……a gang of

例句

He suffered a vicious attack by a gang of white youths.

他遭到一帮白人青年的残暴袭击。

🎈quiet and still经常一起出现,加强「安静」之意。

例句

On the contrary, the green Serpent, who had seemed, until then, wide awake and full of life, became suddenly very quiet and still.

相反,在那之前似乎还清醒的、充满活力的绿蛇,突然变得很安静。

🎈 under candlelight so faint that…意同under candlelight , which was so faint that…


 

切切喳喳的说话声,怕全凭了眼睛去听才懂。

If you couldn’t see, it would be impossible to decipher what they were all jabbering about.

🎈急促(或激动)而含混不清地说;叽里咕噜地说 jabber about sth


 

可是人并不慌张,倒是镇定锁住了每颗热烈的心的。用眼里灼灼的光芒互相喜悦的对看着,仿佛在期待着一个人,在等着一道极严重的命令似的。

Still, they were not alarmed in the slightest because the great composure and presence of mind put their ardent hearts in place. Eagerly, they looked into each other’s eyes, as if expecting an important person or waiting for a crucial order to come.

🎈丝毫,根本in the slightest

例句

That notion does not please Donald Trump in the slightest.

唐纳德·特朗普一点也不喜欢这种说法。

 

好久好久,正疑惑着:“怎么还不来?”“该不会有差错吧?忽然,不敢相信的听着轻轻敲了三下门,望过去,从门缝里挤进来的是一个破布蓝衫的青年。

At first they were anxious and wondered “Why has he not come yet?” and “Could anything have happened to him?” Suddenly, they incredibly heard three slight knocks at the door. Turning towards the sound, they saw a young man wearing a blue, tattered gown squeeze into the house through a door now slightly ajar.

🎈某人遇到某事;某事发生在某人身上sth happen to sb(/sth)

What’s happened to your car?

你的车出什么毛病了?

🎈now slightly ajar是door的后置修饰成分。

ajar adj. 开;微启(of a door) slightly open[not before noun]

某些以a-开头的形容词,常用来作定语、表语,在作定语时要后置。这类形容词主要有

asleep(睡着的)

afraid(害怕的)

alive(活着的)

afloat(漂着的)

afire(烧着的)

awake, aged,ablaze(着火的)等。

例句

He was the only person alive at that moment.

他是那时惟一活着的人

 


正是他,清瘦的身躯,犀利的眼光,紧闭的嘴唇,像钳着铁一般的意志似的。大家下意识的肃穆的立了起来,欢迎他;又下意识的肃穆的坐了下去,听他说话。

It was the man they were expecting. He was slight of build and had sharp eyes; his lips were tightly closed, as if clad in iron. Without thinking, everybody solemnly stood up to greet him, then sat once more in anticipation of his report.

🎈再一次,再次 once more

例句

train was late.

火车又一次晚点了。


 

先是女孩子样的,大方而熳烂的笑,给每个矜持的灵魂投下一副定惊的药剂,接着那低微而清晰流畅的声调响起来,就像新出山的泉水那样丁咚有致。

At first, he gave his audience an unpretentious, graceful smile like a maiden as if he was prescribing a calming remedy for their souls. Then, he began to talk in a low, clear voice; the tone of his speech flowed like the tinkling of spring water fresh out of the mountain.

🎈prescribe v. 开药方

给某人开处方prescribe sb. sth.

例句

The doctor prescribed him a course of antibiotics.

医生给他开了一个疗程的抗生素。

给…开… prescribe sth. for sth.

例句

This drug is commonly prescribed for arthritis.

这种药常用来治疗关节炎。

…的处方/药方prescription for …

【词根】scribe=write

prescribe v.开处方

proscribe v.禁止

describe v.描述

inscribe v.刻字

ascribe v.归因于,归功于

circumscribe v.限制

subscribe v.订阅,订购;认捐;赞同,同意

transcribe v.抄写


 

说陷阱就像说一个舞女的爱;说牢狱就像讲一部古书;说到生活,说它应当像雨天的雷电,有点响声,也有点光亮,哪怕就算一闪即过的短促呢,也好。

He spoke of capture almost like a dancing girl’s love; he talked of prison as if quoting an amusing passage from some ancient book. As for life, he said it should be like the thunder and lightning on stormy days, providing sound and shedding some light, no matter how fleeting they may be.

🎈 fleeting adj. 短暂的,飞逝的[usually before noun]

短暂的一瞥,一闪即逝的微笑a fleeting glimpse/smile

转瞬即逝的幸福时刻 a fleeting moment of happiness

短暂游览巴黎 pay a fleeting visit to Paris


说死是另一种梦的开头,不必希冀也不必怕,那是与生活无关的。说奸细的愚蠢,说暴动的盛事,也说那将来的万众腾欢的日子。

He said death was the beginning of life and we did not have to expect it or dread it, for it had nothing to do with life. He talked of the stupid spies, of the grand rebellions, and of the days of nationwide jubilation.

🎈害怕(做)某事

1)be afraid of (doing) sth

2)fear/dread sth

3)it scares sb to do sth

例句

It scared me to think I was alone in the building.

想到楼里只有我一个人,怪害怕的。

🎈与……无关has nothing to do with…


 

一没留神,你看,各个人都从内心里透出一种没遮拦的欢笑了,满脸上都罩上那含羞似的红光了。振奋了,激励着,人人都像一粒炸弹似的。饱藏着了一种不可遏抑的力。

Before they knew it, joyous laughter had roared from their hearts and their faces were wreathed in a bashful glow. Exhilarated and inspired, all the revolutionaries felt like bullets whose path could not be resisted.

🎈被……环绕/覆盖/笼罩 be wreathed in/with sth

例句

The mountain tops were wreathed in mist.

山顶笼罩在薄雾之中。

Her face was wreathed in smiles (= she was smiling a lot).

她脸上乐开了花。


 

这也是一种夜谈,听这种夜谈是不会打吨的。

This is a kind of night talk that will never put you to sleep.

🎈 put sb to sleep指致人入睡,也指「使无痛苦地死去,使长眠」

I’m going take the dog down to the vet’s and have her put to sleep.

我要把小狗带到兽医那里,让她安乐死。


 

夜谈是有味的。除夕大年夜,一家老小,守岁喝黄米酒,烧大盆火,同话祖宗遗事;零乱的爆竹声中,那夜谈是弥漫着天伦之乐的。

Night talk is delightful. On Lunar New Year’s Eve, the whole family stays up all night by the dancing charcoal fire, talking over millet liquor of their ancestors’ glorious deeds. In the midst of sporadic blasts of firecrackers, their talk is imbued with celestial happiness.

🎈大年除夕on Lunar New Year’s Eve

🎈熬夜 stay up (late)

🎈talking over millet liquor of their ancestors’ glorious deeds中over millet liquor指「就着黄米酒」,talk of sth指谈论某事。

🎈放鞭炮set off firecrackers

🎈洋溢着,弥漫着…… be imbued with…

例句

He managed to imbue his employees with team spirit.

他成功激发起雇员的团队精神。


 

两个看坡的老人,地头上禾稼丛里,领一条狗,曳一杆猎枪,在夜色凄其的时候,吸烟说杂话,听禾苗刷刷的长,那夜谈是有田野风的。

Two elderly men, spending their night watching over their paddy fields with shotguns in hand, walk a hunting dog along the ridges in the paddy field. On this quiet, dreary night, they confer over cigarettes and listen to the wind rustling through the rice plants. Such talk is of idyllic delights.

🎈稻田,梯田paddy fields

🎈shotgun n. 猎枪,散弹枪

🎈遛狗 walk a dog

猎狗,猎犬 a hunting dog

🎈confer (over cigarettes) and listen to the wind中的confer(说杂话)和over cigarette并不连起来理解,介词短语over cigarettes作伴随状语,表示「吸烟」

🎈idyllic adj. 田园诗般的; 平和美丽的

在田园风光的环境中的房子a house set in idyllic surroundings

过着诗情画意的生活to lead an idyllic existence


 

几个青年人捧了一位蔼然可亲的老先生,向他质疑问难,说诗经里的郑风,讲希腊神话,娓娓动听的那博雅谈吐,是充满着书香的。

In the night a few young men crowd around an amiable old man asking about The Book of Songs and Greek mythologies. His erudite replies are of academic interest.

🎈amiable adj. 和蔼可亲的,亲切友好的

pleasant; friendly and easy to like

例句

Her parents seemed very amiable.

她的父母好像很和蔼可亲。

amiability n.[U]和蔼可亲

amiably adv.和蔼可亲地

🎈《诗经》The Book of Songs

百家姓Book of China’s Family

三字经 Three-Character Classic

(注:英文中没有书名号“《》”,书名需要用斜体)

🎈 erudite adj. 博学的,有学问的

having or showing great knowledge that is gained from academic study[近义词learned]

🎈 of academic interest:of+抽象名词=形容词。


 

偶语弃市,眉眼便代替了唇舌;楚囚对泣,眼泪说一腔抑郁。

In private, some slip into conversation about today’s tyranny, using unspoken codes rather than everyday language. The conquered Chu people wept together, tears recounting their grief and indignation.

🎈 偶语弃市:指在暴政下,二人相对私语也会遭到杀身之祸。出自《史记·秦始皇本纪》

🎈楚囚对泣: 楚囚:原指春秋时被俘到晋国的楚大夫钟仪,后借指处境窘迫的人。形容遭遇国难或其他变故时,相对无策,只知在一起悲伤。也作“楚囚相对”。出自宋·杨万里《新亭送客》:“柏壁置人添一笑;楚囚对泣后千年。”

🎈 tyranny n. 暴虐;专横;苛政;专政unfair or cruel use of power or authority

压迫和暴政的受害者a victim of oppression and tyranny

纳粹统治的暴行the tyrannies of Nazi rule

🎈recount v. 叙述,讲述

recount / relate / report sth. to sb. 向某人讲述某事

tell sb. (about) sth. 向某人讲述(关于)某事(的情况)

narrate v.记叙、记述→narrative n.记叙文

account v.讲述→account for…①占…比例②解释…

例句

Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population.


 

“开琼宴以坐花,飞羽觞而醉月,”管它闲情还是逸趣呢,夜谈总是可爱的。

“A sumptuous feast appears amidst flowers, and with wine flowing round, we drink in the moonlight.” Whether to enhance a leisurely mood or find a cultured pleasure, night talks are always enjoyable.

🎈“开琼宴以坐花,飞羽觞而醉月” 出自唐代李白的《春夜宴从弟桃花园序》,意思是“摆开筵席来坐赏名花,快速地传递着酒杯醉倒在月光中。”

🎈sumptuous adj. 华贵的,豪华的,奢华的

grand and obviously very expensive

盛宴a sumptuous feast

🎈 cultured adj.文雅的


 

不信,你来,大大的一壶白开,小小的一坛醇酒,一听香烟,若干份上海小报,烤白薯,几卷禁书;

If you don’t believe it, please come to join us. I will serve you a big pot of boiling water, a small jar of vintage liquor, a tin of cigarettes, a few copies of Shanghai tabloids, some baked sweet potatoes, and several forbidden books.

🎈佳酿,醇酒vintage liquor

vintage adj. 优质的,上等的,佳酿的

🎈tabloid指(版面小、文章短、图片多的)通俗小报,与主流报纸相对应。

【补充】英国报纸可以分为传统意义上的大报(broadsheet)和小报(tabloid),它们针对不同的读者群,因此办报的理念和风格有巨大差别。现在这两种报更多的是内容上的差别而非版式上的。Broadsheet,就像中国的《人民日报》《南方日报》差不多,报道政治经济重大事件,内容严肃客观,代表自然是《泰晤士报》(The Times)和《卫报》(The Guardian)之类。Tabloid则通常是四开,版面为大报(broadsheet)的一半,内容以娱乐文艺为主,比较轻松愉快,也可能完全无节操无下限(比如《太阳报》The Sun)

🎈红薯,山芋,甘薯 sweet potatoes

【补充】白薯一般指番薯。 番薯(学名:Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.)别称甘储、甘薯、朱薯、金薯、番茹、红山药、玉枕薯、山芋、地瓜、甜薯、红薯、红苕、白薯、阿鹅、萌番薯。


 

替你约两三个知心朋友,在花香的春夜也好,雷电风雨的夏夜也好,萧萧风唧唧虫鸣的秋夜也好,深冬大雪夜也好;

You and your friends are most welcome, whether on a spring night scented with flowers or a stormy summer night shattered by lightning and thunder, whether on an autumn night alive with insects chirping in the wind or on a winter night softened by swirling snowflakes.

🎈A弥漫着B

1)A +be scented with B

2)scent A with B

3)B +scent +A

scent v.使具有香味to give sth a particular, pleasant smell

例句

Roses scented the night air.

夜空中弥漫着玫瑰花香。


 

月白如水的时候,一夕数惊的时候,别后重逢,都随你;请你谈,作彻夜的谈。

Whether on a quiet, beautiful evening or a wild, wakeful night, you are always welcome. When we meet again, we can talk well into the small hours.

🎈一夕数惊:一晚上受到无数次的惊吓或惊扰。

🎈午夜刚过的一段时间;凌晨时分 the small/early hours

例句

We worked well into the small hours.

我们一直工作到了午夜之后。


 

那么,联床西窗烛下,该是你睡不着觉的时候了吧?喂,伙家,就请移驾夜谈如何?

So, when we sleep together by candlelight, you will probably not be able to sleep at all. Hey, buddy! Please come and have a chat with me!

🎈这句话容易让人联想到网络上爆火的一个梗“怀民亦未寝”,来源于小学课本里面的一篇文言文,苏轼写的《记承天寺夜游》。苏轼当时想去夜游,然后找了自己的朋友,发现怀民也没有就寝,所以他们一同出游。现在的意思是说明自己一个人想做什么事,觉得挺无聊的,没有意思,然后有朋友陪你一起去做,就会很开心。当然,本篇文章重点在夜谈,而非和朋友。

 

🎈重点表达

心情愉快/忧郁in a merry / melancholy mood

性格阳光to have a cheerful disposition

对……的(深厚)感情(deep)affection for

武术martial arts

…一片漆黑 …be in pitch darkness/be pitch dark

游手好闲;闲耍;虚度光阴fool around/about

舞厅 the dance hall

洞房the nuptial chamber

热带夏季灼人的热浪the searing heat of a tropical summer

生意人,商业人士 business people

(和某人)讨价还价 haggle with sb over sth

蹩脚的借口/论点 lame excuses/arguments

利用这个机会/凭借这个优势 take this opportunity/advantage to do sth

恶作剧,捣乱,淘气get into mischief

黄金时段prime time

某物散布于某地a place +be dotted with sth

(某地)充满…… be infested with…

(某处)挤满了…be thronged / crowded / packed with …

(某处)到处是/挤满了…be swarming / teeming with …

蓑衣 straw rain cape

和某人打招呼greet sb

打招呼会互吻双颊greet with a kiss on each cheek

吸烟(斗)suck on pipes

抽出时间做;终于去做 get around/round to doing sth

(长时间)闲聊,闲扯 chew the fat

收成不佳;作物歉收;作物减产 crop failure

融汇/合并到一块be merged in / into …= be joined in / into …=merge into …

散(会)、使解散break up

露重the air was wet with dew

喊某人 call out to sb

收工;到此为止;停止 call it a day

跋山涉水to trudge across mountains and rivers

柿风沐雨to brave wind and rain

擤鼻子 blow one’s nose

餐厅,食堂 the dining hall

睡着 fall into a slumber

跺脚 stamp one’s feet

吃饭喝茶to food and drink

没有兴致做某事be in no mood to do sth

对某人或某物很熟悉be acquainted with sb. / sth.

涌出 well up

沾着,浸着 be stained with sth

时睡时醒,断断续续的睡眠a broken sleep

他乡遇故知to encounter an old friend in an alien land

流泪,落泪 shed tears

阵阵…… pangs of…

一帮,一伙……a gang of

急促(或激动)而含混不清地说;叽里咕噜地说 jabber about sth

丝毫,根本in the slightest

某人遇到某事;某事发生在某人身上sth happen to sb(/sth)

与……无关has nothing to do with…

被……环绕/覆盖/笼罩 be wreathed in/with sth

大年除夕on Lunar New Year’s Eve

熬夜 stay up (late)

洋溢着,弥漫着…… be imbued with…

稻田,梯田paddy fields

遛狗 walk a dog

猎狗,猎犬 a hunting dog

《诗经》The Book of Songs

佳酿,醇酒vintage liquor

红薯;山芋;甘薯 sweet potatoes

午夜刚过的一段时间;凌晨时分 the small/early hours

未经允许不得转载:帕布莉卡 » 吴伯箫《夜谈》 -英语翻译教程-中英双语赏析

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